Shavuot 2017 begins Saturday, May 30 and ends Monday, June 1
Shavuot is considered a Jewish holiday. Shavuot celebrates on the 6th day of Hebrew month of Sivan. The Shavuot celebrates the anniversary of the day of God who gave the 10 Directives to Moses and Israelites at the Mount Sinai. And it is one of shalosh regalim, the three Biblical pilgrimage carnivals. Shavuot marks the termination of the Counting of the Omer.
The date of the Shavuot is openly connected to that of Passover. And the Torah consents 7-week Counting of the Omer, opening on the 2nd day of the Passover and instantly followed through Shavuot. And the counting of the days and weeks is known to express desire and anticipation for Giving of Torah. And on Passover, the Jewish communities were untied from their reliance to Pharaoh; on Shavuot they were specified the Torah and also became a country devoted to serving up God.
In Bible, Shavuot is named the Festival of Weeks, Day of the First Fruits and Festival of Reaping. The Talmud and Mishnah mention Shavuot as Atzeret, as it offered closing for festival activities throughout and following the festival of Passover. In the view of fact that Shavuot arises 50 days after Passover, Christians gave it the name Pentecost.
Karaite Jews suppose that it constantly falls on Sunday, "Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord." Leviticus 23:16. Sunday is the Opening Day of the week, the "morrow" after the "Sabbath". However, Mainstream Jews follow the teaching of Talmud which teaches that in this fussy case, the "Sabbath" checks the opening day of Passover and not mainly Saturday.
In accordance with the Jewish tradition, Shavuot is commemorated in Land of Israel for 1 day and also in Diaspora for 2 days. Reform Jews commemorate only one day even in Diaspora.
Besides its meaning as a day on which Torah was given through God to Jewish nation at the Mount Sinai, the Shavuot is allied with the season of grain harvest in Israel. And in olden times, the grain crop ended 7 weeks and it was also a season of happiness. It started with harvesting of barley throughout Passover and finished with harvesting of wheat at the Shavuot. Thus Shavuot was the last festival of grain harvest, just as the 8th day of Sukkoth was the last festival of fruit harvest. Throughout the existence of Temple in Jerusalem, an offering of 2 loaves of bread from wheat harvest was completed on Shavuot.
The torah doesn’t spell out the exact day on which the Shavuot falls, conflicting analysis of this date have arisen both in non-traditional and traditional Jewish circles.
Mostly Talmudic Sages agree that the Torah was specified on the 6th of Sivan; R. Jose seizes that it was specified on the 7th of that month. In accordance with the traditional timeline, the Israelites inwards at the wilds of Sinai on the new moon and also the Ten Commandments were specified on the next Shabbat. And finally Shavuot is surveyed on the 6th day of Sivan in Israel and a 2nd day is attached in Jewish Diaspora.
The Torah affirms that Omer contribution should start "on the morrow after the Shabbat". The Talmudic Sages resolved that "Shabbat" here signifies basically a day of rest and also s to the opening day of Passover. Therefore the customary counting of Omer opens on the 2nd of the Passover and persists for next 49 days, or 7 complete weeks, ending on the day prior to Shavuot.
The Boethusians and Sadducees, though, disputed this construal. They asserted that "Shabbat" in fact did mean "Shabbat," or Saturday. For that reason, during Passover, they considered the 7 weeks from the day after the initial Shabbat, in order that Shavuot would constantly fall on Sunday.
The volume of Jubilees depicts the commemoration of the Shavuot in pre-Mosaic times. The holiday is sketched to the form of the earliest rainbow on 15th of Sivan, the day on which God made his contract with Noah. And the covenant regeneration feature of Shavuot is consequently attributed to this initial covenant. Afterward, it was surveyed through Noah until his bereavement although revived again through Abraham, and after bereavement of Abraham it was onwards again until Moses renovates it again.
Qumran scholar Gabriele Boccaccini has recommended that the 1,290 and 1,335 days of Daniel 12:11-12 point to the observation of Shavuot in a reinstate Israel, as reckoned through the holy solar calendar. And these periods are precisely 30 and 45 days longer than 3½ years declared in Dan. 7:25 and 9:27. And the time of 3½ years amounts to 1,260 days in the holy solar calendar since the solstices and equinoxes count as markers of seasons sooner than monthly days (1 En. 74:11, 75:1, 82:4). And the blessings expected at the ending of 1,335 days are relevant to the renaissance to "everlasting life" revealed a few verses before (12:2); this is the recompense to those who declined to forsake the agreement unto bereavement (Dan. 11:22, 11:28, 11:30, 11:33-35), at the same time as those who renounced the agreement (11:30-32) face "everlasting contempt".