The river which is 315 mile flows from through the eastern new York state was earlier known as the Muhhekunnetuk which means “the river that flows both ways” and the Great Mohegan by the Iroquois. It starts from the Adirondack Mountains and passes through the Capital district and forms the border between the New York City and New Jersey and at last end at the Atlantic Ocean. As it flows in the New York City it is referred as the North River. The other name by which the Hudson River was known was the Mauritius River.
The water which flows from the lake is known as the Feldspar Brook and it starts from the north of the Tahawus at Henderson Lake. The Upper Hudson River Valley from the Lower Hudson River Valley is separated by major tributary, the Federal Dam and this river is further joined Hudson is joined by the Mohawk River at Troy . The "North River" which is the other name of the Hudson River was originally named by the Dutch.
The strong tides of the lower Hudson River which is also known as a tidal estuary makes parts of New York Harbor difficult to sail। Depending upon the tides the ice flows from south to north during winter. Although the Hudson River is the largest river in the United States the amount of water i.e. 15000 cubic feet per second is present below troy as this river is an estuary. This river also form coves namely Weehawken Cove in Hoboken.
Due to its rising sea levels this river is also known as the “drowned” river. The boundaries of the Hudson River include West Point, Vassar College, Bard College, the Culinary Institute of America, Marist College, the Thayer Hotel at West Point, Bannerman's Castle, Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line, The Tappan Zee, the New Jersey Palisades, Hudson River Islands State Park, Hudson Highlands State Park, New York Military Academy, Fort Tryon Park with The Cloisters, Liberty State Park, and Stevens Institute of Technology.
Due to its natural beauty it is also known by the name “America’s Rhine” as compared to the Rhine River valley which is located between the cities of Bingen and Koblenz. In 1997 this river is considered as the American Heritage Rivers. The Haverstraw Bay is a popular destination for boaters.
In 1825 for navigation the Hudson River is connected with Lake Erie by means of Erie Canal. The shipping can be done between cities on the Great Lakes and Europe via the Atlantic Ocean. To pass the Erie Canal the first railroad in New York is opened between Albany and Schenectady on the Mohawk River.
The Champlain Canal in northern Troy breaks from the Erie Canal and moves to the north along the west side of the Hudson to Thomson from where it crosses the east side. The canal left the Hudson at Fort Edward and moves to Lake Champlain. From this lake boats can continue towards north into Canada to the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
When the technology progresses then it would be possible to construct the required bridges over tributaries of the Hudson River. To enable the traffic between the Hudson River Railroad and the New York Central Railroad west to Buffalo the Hudson River Bridge was opened in 1866.
Various bridges, tunnels and ferries come in the way of the Hudson River and the first bridge named as the Troy-Waterford Bridge was opened in 1809. Between the states of the New Jersey and the New York the Hudson River acts as apolitical boundary.
The tributaries of the Hudson River from north to south are Opalescent Brook, Cedar River, Indian River, Boreas River, Schroon River, Sacandaga River, Mill Creek, Battenkill River, Hoosic River, Mohawk River, Normans Kill, Catskill Creek, Esopus Creek, Rondout Creek, Roeliff-Jansen Kill, Crum Elbow Creek, Wappingers Creek, Fishkill Creek, Moodna Creek, Quassaick Creek, Croton River, and Pocantico River.
Hudson River Political Boundaries
|Warren||river runs along
|Bergen (NJ)||New York|
|Hudson (NJ)||New York|
From north to south, moving downriver