Nicolas Sarkozy was born on 28 January, 1955 in Paris. His father Pal Sarkozy was a Hungarian immigrant and mother Andree Mallah was of French catholic and Greek Jewish. His father refused to give any financial help to his family.
When Nicolas Sarkozy father refused to provide any financial help although Nicolas Sarkozy had an advertising company he was brought up by his paternal grandfather Benedict Mallah. After this Sarkozy family moved outside the Paris but there also his childhood was spent in poverty and he underwent many hardships and humiliations also.
Nicolas Sarkozy completed his education first from the Lycee Chaptal School and after that from catholic school named Cours Saint –Louis de Monceau. He got his masters degree in private law and DEA degree in business law from the Paris X Nanterre University. After doing the graduation he got admission in the institute of Detudes politics but there he failed because of bad command in English. Finally he became a lawyer who is specialized in business and family law.
Nicolas Sarkozy married three times. Sarkozy first wife was Marie-Dominique Culioli to whom he married on 23rd September 1982. Pierre and Jean are the two sons from his first marriage but he divorced Culioli officially in 1996.In 1996 he married to fashion model and public relation executive Cecilia Ciganer Albeniz who was a grand-daughter of the composer Isaac Albeniz and of Russian father. Louis is the only son of this couple who was born on 23rd April 1997. Later she gave the divorce to Sarkozy on 15th October 2007 for the French Moroccan national Richard Attias who was the head of Publicis in New York.Presently he is married to Carla Bruni on 2nd February 1998 at Elysee Palace in Paris.
Nicolas Sarkozy started his career at the age of 22 when Sarkozy becomes the counselor in Neuilly-Sur-Seine and after that he elected as mayor of that town. Sarkozy ruled from 1983 to 2002 as a mayor and in 1988 he also became the deputy of the National Assembly. From 1993 to 1995 he served as a minister for the budget and spokesman for the executive in the cabinetof Prime Minister Edward Balladur but he always have to work under the Jacques Chirac.
In 1995 Chirac was disdained by him for the chair of President of France which unfortunately Nicolas Sarkozy didn’t won and as a result of which Nicolas has to lose his position as the Minister for the budget. He again came back into power as the RPR leader in the 1997 parliamentary election and after that in 1999 Nicolas also took the leadership of Neo-Gaullist party. In the same year when the European elections take place he was badly defeated due to which Nicolas Sarkozy also lost the leadership of RPR.
In the re-election of the president of the French republic Nicolas Sarkozy became the French minister of the interior with the help of Chirac under the Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin. During his tenure as a minister Nicolas passed the legislation in which the awareness of dangers on the roads is discussed by means of speed cameras and campaigns. He is also very strict against the crimes.
As a minister of the interior Nicolas Sarkozy also faced the tense situation between the French government and the Muslim community because Muslims have to depend on others for money. To get rid of this situation he established an organization “French council of the Muslim faith” in the favor of French Muslims. Also he passed the law on the separation of church and the state in 1905 so that there is no financial problem and with the public funds the institutions and mosques became financially independent.
On 31st march, 2004 Nicolas Sarkozy became the Finance minister but tensions are still at their peak between Sarkozy, Chirac and the UMP party because he wants to become a president. When Nicolas won the party elections held in November 2004 he became the leader of the UMP party and therefore resigned from the chair of finance minister.
In February 2005 Chirac made Nicolas Sarkozy the Knight of the Legion of Honor and in the same year he was re-elected to the National Assembly.
During Nicolas tenure as a finance minister he was responsible for introducing many new policies like:
a) Reduction of the government ownership in the France telecom
b) When the engineering company Alstom was in a danger to bankruptcy he backed a partial nationalism.
c) He also signed an agreement with the retailers in France to lower the prices of the household goods.
Under the villepin government Nicolas Sarkozy again re- elected as the minister of interior without resigning from the leadership of the UMP party. This time he was more judicious about his ministerial activities. he was also blamed for the civil unrest which broke out in autumn 2005 because the delinquents from the housing projects rabble are called by him. But after the riots several announcements were made on future policy like selection and tracking of immigrants, and a reform on the justice measures for delinquents.
Also as a UMP leader Nicolas Sarkozy made several changes in France’s economics and social policies which later on called as liberal. Such policies are:
a) Introduction of fairer taxation system.
b) Approved measures of social support to the unemployed people.
c) Reduction in the budget deficit.
After making these policies Nicolas Sarkozy wants to call him as meddlesome instead of liberal.
The UMP party chooses Nicolas Sarkozy as the candidate for the presidential election and to support him the former President Jacques Chirac was also ready. As a result of which he won the elections with 56.6% votes.
Nicolas Sarkozy became the first president after the world war –II on 16th may, 2007.In his honor Leyenda was played by Spanish composer Isaac Albeniz. Under his rule the Prime Minister Villepin was also replaced by Francois Fillon and the total number of members in the cabinet was 15 out of which seven are women. He also appointed the foreign minister and the other three ministers from the left wing. After the parliamentary elections several changes were made in the cabinet. Now there are 31 ministers in total including 15 ministers and 16 deputy ministers.
During his Presidency rule Nicolas Sarkozy has to sign a contract which includes immigration pacts and 168 million euros MILAN antitank missile in exchange of the release of the hostages and FARC’S chancellor held by the rebel group. Another contract was also signed by him which consists of 128 million euros for a tetra radio system.
In June 2007 legislative election Sarkozy’s party won and reduced the taxes for the upper middle class family to boost the GDP growth. He also released many prisoners from jails on Bastille Day. After this he spend his vacations with his family in the United States and when he returned Nicolas passed the judgement to use the fingerprints in order to find the culprits and this program was later called Parafes.
Nicolas Sarkozy was greeted by different awards and honors:-
Along with the David Beckham and Brad Pitt Nicolas Sarkozy was also considered s the 68th best dressed man by the Vanity Fair magazine. Nicolas Sarkozy was always in news regarding his affairs.
Nicolas Sarkozy was involved in many controversies. Some of these were:
a) Karcher Remark:- When an 11 year old boy was killed in banlieue of La Corneuve in June 2005 Nicolas Sarkozy remarked his family as a thug and use inappropriate language for him. Also he promised to clean the area with the Karcher.
b) Separation of powers:- Regarding crimes he gave the bold statements due to which he failed to respect the executive and judiciary powers and was blamed for the attacks on the independence of judiciary.
c) Religion and state:- Many people censured him when he talks about the separation of the church and the state in order not to finance the religious institutions with the funds outside the France.
d) Agricultural show incident:- When one refuses to shake his hand with him then he uses an inappropriate language which at last becomes popular news in the media.