Nicolas Sarkozy Birthday (January 28th)

Nicolas Sarkozy  Birthday (January 28th)

Nicolas Sarkozy was born on January 28, 1955 of cross-breed parents, Nicolas Sarkozy or Sarko, as He is most commonly known as, is the present French President and ex-officio Co-Prince of Andorra. Nicolas Sarkozy assumed the office for both the posts on May 16, 2007.

Born: January 28, 1955, Paris, France
Height: 1.65 m
Spouse: Carla Bruni (m. 2008), Cécilia Sarkozy (m. 1996–2007), Marie-Dominique Culioli (m. 1982–1996)
Siblings: Olivier Sarkozy, Guillaume Sarkozy, François Sarközy de Nagy-Bocsa, Caroline Sarközy de Nagy-Bocsa
Children: Jean Sarkozy, Giulia Sarkozy, Pierre Sarkozy, Louis Sarkozy

Nicolas Sarkozy born to a Hungarian immigrant father Pal Sarkozy de Nagy-Bocsa and mother hailing from French Catholic and Greek Jewish descent Andree Mallah, He spent his childhood in a small mansion owned by his grandfather Benedict Mallah as his father did not give any financial help to his former wife and sons. As a young boy, He experienced various insecurities due to his height and his family's not-so-great financial condition, leading to feelings of resentment against his father.

Education

After being enrolled in a state-funded middle and high school in Paris Lycee Chaptal, where he flunked his sixieme, He was sent to Cours Saint-Louis de Monceau from where he got his baccalaureat in 1973. Later, he got admission into the Universite Paris X Nanterre from where he completed Masters in Private law and DEA degree in business law. It is here that he joined right wing student organization and actively participated in its activities.

Nicolas Sarkozy poor command on English language led to his failure in graduating from Institut D'Etudes Politiques de Paris in 1979. On graduating, He became a lawyer with specialization in business law and family law.

Personal life

Nicolas Sarkozy's marriage to Marie Dominique Culioli on September 23, 1982 bore him two sons Pierre and Jean. He divorced her in 1996 and married Cecilia Ciganer Albeniz, who He had met during her wedding to TV host Jacques Martin, in October same year. They have a son Louis. However, He divorced her in October 15, 2007. He affair with former model Carla Bruni was a much publicized one, with French weekly publishing photos of the couple in Disneyland Paris in December 2007. 

Their Christmas holiday trip to Egypt too garnered international attention with many newspapers across the globe publishing their photos together. On February 2, 2008, He married Carla at Elysee Palace in Paris.

Professional Life

Considered as a skilled politician and immaculate orator by his colleagues and contemporaries alike,He entered into politics as a member of the Neo-Gaullist party RPR at the young age of 22 when He became Neuilly-sur-Seine city's councillor. After the death of incumbent Mayor Achille Peretti of Neuilly-sur-Seine, He was elected as Mayor in 1983, becoming the youngest ever Mayor in France. He became a deputy in the National Assembly in 1988. 

Known as a protege of Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy was appointed as Minister for the Budget and spokesman for the executive under the tenure of Prime Minister Edouard Balladur in 1993. However in 1995, He backed Balladur for the post of French President, spurning Chirac. After Chirac won the Presidential elections, He's portfolio of Budget Ministry was taken away. But he bounced back in 1997 when his party was defeated in the parliamentary elections as number two in the party. He took over the reins of the party in 1999 after party leader Philippe Seguin resigned.

However, the party's poor showing at the 1999 European Parliament election, which won just 12.7 per cent of the votes, cost him the party leadership. In 2002, Chirac, who was re-elected as French President, appointed he as Minister of the Interior in Prime Minister Jean Pierre Raffarin's cabinet. He became the Minister of Finance after the cabinet reshuffle on March 31, 2004. He's initial intention to head the UMP and later seek Presidency in 2007 created ripples in his relationship with Chirac and within the party. 

Nicolas Sarkozy realized his dream of becoming UMP leader in November 2004 party elections when he got 85 per cent of the votes. President Chirac accorded Chevalier de la Legion d'honneur (Knight of the Legion of Honour) on him in February 2005. On March 13, 2005, He was re-elected to the National Assembly. He was re-appointed as Interior Minister in the Dominique de Villepincabinet on June 2, 2005 without resigning from his post of UMP President.

Presidency Candidature

UMP unanimously chose Nicolas Sarkozy as its candidate for presidential elections in 2007. Chirac too extended his support to he's presidential bid. He resigned as Interior Minister on March 26, 2007, to focus on his presidential campaign.

Nicolas Sarkozy secured 31.18 per cent of the votes and 53.06 per cent of votes against 25.87 per cent and 46.94 per cent of Segolene Royal of the Socialists during the first and second round of presidential elections respectively.

Tenure as President

Nicolas Sarkozy became the sixth elected President of the French Fifth republic on May 16, 2007 and the first French President to have been born after the Second World War. Witnessed by his wife and children, mother and formerly estranged father, the ceremony saw him being presented with the Grand Master's Collar, which is given to every newly-elected President as a symbol of his function as Grand Master of the Legion of Honor.

Nicolas Sarkozy replaced Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin with Francois Fillon and inducted four left wing leaders, including Medecins Sans Frontieres founder Bernard Kouchner, in the 15-member cabinet. he appointed Kouchner as his foreign minister. Seven women were

Inducted into the cabinet

One of the major decisions Nicolas Sarkozy has taken during his presidency till now is breaking the custom of amnestying traffic tickets and of releasing thousands of prisoners from overcrowded jails on Bastille Day, a tradition which was started by Napoleon in 1802 in commemoration of storming of Bastille during French Revolution. He also initiated constitutional reforms, one of the pledges of his presidential campaign. The reforms included two-term limit for the presidency, giving Parliament a veto over some presidential appointments, ending government control over Parliament's committee system and allowing Parliament to set its own agenda.

Nicolas Sarkozy has been honored by several countries with titles like Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath by United Kingdom in 2008, Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III by Spain in 2004 and Commander of the Ordre de Leopold by Belgium.

Quotes

“We no longer want an immigration that is inflicted (on us) but an immigration that is chosen, this is the founding principle of the new immigration policy I advocate.”
- Nicolas Sarkozy

“We want to allow families to return to football stadiums and feel safe. It was about time.”
- Nicolas Sarkozy

“I am deeply worried because we are seeing an unleashing of violence by 2,000 to 3,000 thugs who come to smash and loot. My objective is to avoid mistakes by the police, so that people can protest in safety.”
- Nicolas Sarkozy

“We are all hoping that he will recover his legendary vitality as quickly as possible, ... Chi-rac! Chi-rac!”
- Nicolas Sarkozy

“All these squats and all these buildings have to be closed to stop these tragedies, and that's what I've asked the police commissioner to do because we're talking about human beings living in unacceptable conditions,”
- Nicolas Sarkozy

“France must not be the only country to have a high level of welfare protection and few obligations incumbent on those who receive benefits.”
- Nicolas Sarkozy

“He was a man of peace, ... He had managed to establish a spiritual dialogue between the [Roman] Catholic Church and other churches. We won't forget his message.”
- Nicolas Sarkozy

“Europe is right to tell us to reduce this [France's budget] deficit and spend less. Europe is right to demand this of us but cannot at the same time demand us to increase our dues.”
- Nicolas Sarkozy