World War I

World War I (1914-1918) drawn in more countries and caused larger devastation than any other war excluding World War II (1939-1945). An assassin's ammunition in Austria-Hungary ignited the war, and an organization of military alliances plunged the major European powers into the clash. Each side expected immediate triumph. But the war lasted four years and took the lives of 10 millions soldiers.

World War I Causes

World War I is actually much more complex than an easy list of grounds. While there was a sequence of proceedings that directly led to the fighting, the actual root causes are much deeper and part of continued debate and discussion. World War I has the most popular reasons to occur that are overviewed at the bottom.

1. System of Military Alliances

Over time, nations all through Europe made joint defence unions that would drag them into clash. Thus, if one country was attacked, associated countries were bound to protect it. Austria-Hungary affirmed war on Serbia, Russia got drawn in to defend Serbia. Germany seeing Russia mobilizing, declared war on Russia. France was then drawn in against Germany and Austria-Hungary. Germany assaulted France through Belgium pulling Britain into war. Then Japan entered the war. Later, Italy and the United States would enter on the side of the allies.

2. Imperialism or Fight for Colonies

Imperialism is when a country amplifies their supremacy and wealth by bringing additional province under their control. Before World War I, Africa and parts of Asia were points of disagreement amongst the European countries. This was particularly proper because of the raw materials these regions could supply. The increasing rivalry and craving for greater empires led to an increase in conflict that helped push the world into World War I.

3. Militarism

As the world entered the 20th century, an arms contest had begun. By 1914, Germany had the maximum boost in military build up. Great Britain and Germany both greatly increased their armada during this time phase. Further, in Germany and Russia particularly, the military establishment began to have a greater influence on public policy. This increase in militarism assisted in pushing the countries involved to war.

4. Nationalism

The real incident that led directly to World War I was originated from certain Slavic peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina who wanted to gain no longer is a part of Austria- Hungary but instead be part of Serbia. Thus patriotism led openly to the War. But in a more broad way, the nationalism of the various countries throughout Europe contributed not only to the beginning but the addition of the war in Europe. Each country tried to prove their domination and power.

5. Immediate Cause: Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

The instant cause of World War I that made all the aforesaid stuff come into play was the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. In June 1914, a Serbian nationalist assassinated him and his wife while they were in Sarajevo, Bosnia which was part of Austria-Hungary. This was in remonstration to Austria-Hungary having control of this province. Serbia wanted to take over Bosnia and Herzegovina. This assassination guided Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. When Russia began to mobilize due to its alliance with Serbia, Germany affirmed war on Russia.

The World War I in Brief

Germany won early victories in World War I on the main European battlefronts. On the Western Front, France and the UK halted the German move on in September 1914. The conflicting armies then fought from ditches that stretched across Belgium and north-eastern France. The Western Front barely moved for 3.5 years in spite of brutal combat. On the Eastern Front, Russia battled with Germany and Austria-Hungary. The fighting oscillated back and forth until 1917, when a revolution broke out in Russia. Russia soon asked for a treaty.
The United States remained unbiased initially. But many Americans turned against the Central Powers after German submarines began sinking defenceless ships. In 1917, the United States joined the Allies. U.S troops gave the Allies the manpower they needed to win the war. In the autumn of 1918, the Central Powers surrendered.

Consequences of World War I

World War I caused vast demolition. Nearly 10 million soldiers died as a result of the war and about 21 million men were injured. The extremely high fatalities resulted partly from the destructive powers of new weapons, especially the tanks and the machine gun.

World War I cost the fighting nations a total of about 337 billion U.S. dollars. By 1918, the war was costing about 10 million an hour. Nations raised part of the money to pay for the war through taxes. But most of the money came from borrowing, which created massive debts.