A women right means the freedom constitutionally possessed by females of the society. Women rights include girls, young ladies as well as old women.
This liberty provided cannot be curbed or ignored by law, custom, and males in a particular society. The efforts to improve the status of women were laid down during the reforms under Islam. As per the reforms, women should be given greater rights in marriage, divorce and inheritance. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam has published that the improvement of the status of Arab women means the prohibition of female infanticide and acknowledging women's full personhood.It has been stated explicitly that “The dowry, previously regarded as a bride-price paid to the father, became a nuptial gift retained by the wife as part of her personal property."
The time period of Reformation in Europe in the 16th century proved a boon for women enlistment.
It paved the way for more women to add their voices, including the renowned writers Jane Anger, Aemilia Lanyer, and the prophetess Anna Trapnell. Queen Elizabeth played a major role following leadership amongst women, and consequently became a role model for the educationof women.
The eighteenth century was the “Age of Enlightenment.” The age was characterized by secular way of thinking, and a blossoming of idealistic writing. The most significant writer of the time was Mary Wollstonecraft. She is often called as the first feminist philosopher.Wollstonecraft put forward that it was the education and upbringing of women that created limited expectations. Hedvig Charlotta Nordenflycht was writing in Sweden, and contributed in the finding the first scientific society for women.
In Middleburg, Holland it was the Natuurkundig Genootschap der Dames upgraded the conditions for women better survival.Deborah Crocker and Sethanne Howard take out Journals for women which focused on science.During the previous decades women's rights remained an important concern, especially in the English countries. During 1960s the movement was called “women's liberation.” Revolutionists demanded the same pay as men, equal rights in law, and the freedom to plan their families. Their efforts were partially successful.
In USA the “National Organization for Women” (NOW) was formed in 1966. It was aimed at bringing equality for women. NOW was one important organization that fought for the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). This amendment declares “equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of sex.” But there was some dispute on how the proposed amendment would be understood. Some believed it would guarantee women equal treatment. But some doubted that it would restrict the women right to be financially supported by their husbands.
The amendment died in the year 1982.
The UN has organized many world conferences on women's issues. >It started with the World Conference in Mexico City. >These conferences created an international forum for women's rights, but also lead to the divisions between women of different cultures and the difficulties in implementation.
The 1985 Nairobi conference stated that women liberation "constitutes the political expression of the concerns and interests of women from different regions, classes, nationalities, and ethnic backgrounds. There is and must be a diversity of feminisms, responsive to the different needs and concerns of women, and defined by them for themselves”.
Reproductive rights are rights relating to sexual reproduction. The idea of the right first came at the United Nation's 1968 International Conference on Human Rights. The sixteenth article of the Proclamation of Teheran declares, "Parents have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and the spacing of their children." Consequently, reproductive rights are established as human rights in international human rights documents.