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Rembrandt Harmenszoon Birthday (July 15th)
Harmenszoon Birthday (July 15th)
Rembrandt Harmenszoon Birth Details
Rembrandt Harmenszoon was born on
, 1606 in Leiden, Netherlands.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon was a Dutch painter and etcher.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon is one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history especially the Dutch history.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon contributed to art in a period known as the “Dutch Golden Age.”
Rembrandt Harmenszoon Early Life
Rembrandt Harmenszoon was the ninth child of Harmen Gerritszoon van Rijn and Neeltgen Willemsdochter van Zuytbrouck.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon father was a miller and a rich man.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon attended Latin school and was graduated from the University of Leiden.
In Rembrandt Harmenszoon college days, Rembrandt Harmenszoon had a greater inclination towards painting.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon was very impressed with a Leiden history painter, Jacob van Swanenburgh.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon spent three years in his apprenticeship.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon also worked with the famous painter Pieter Lastman for few months.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon opened a studio in Leiden in 1624.
In 1629, Rembrandt met the statesman, Constantijn Huygens.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon was the father of Christiaan Huygens.
Rembrandt was able to get important commissions from the court of The Hague.
As a result of this connection, Prince Frederik Hendrik started purchasing paintings from Rembrandt.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon purchased till 1646.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon Career
In the year 1631, Rembrandt Harmenszoon shifted to Amsterdam.
In Amsterdam, Rembrandt Harmenszoon started as a professional portraitist.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon achieved great success.
In 1934, Rembrandt Harmenszoon married Saskia van Uylenburg.
Saskia hailed from a reputed family, father was a lawyer and mayor of Leeuwarden.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon married her in the local church of St. Annaparochie.
one of the relatives were present.
Couple had three children who died within few months of their birth
Only the fourth child, Titus, born in 1641, could survive.
But then, Saskia died in 1642 soon after Titus's birth.
She died of tuberculosis. Rembrandt's draw many paintings of her sick and death bed.
Rembrandt had produced over 600 paintings.
Out of these paintings, 400 etchings and 2,000 drawings are known.
All his paintings are traditionally called etchings.
Cost of these are produced by engraving and sometimes drypoint.
It is believed that Rembrandt Harmenszoon made more than 2,000 drawings in his lifetime.
Rembrandt’s primary subjects for the themes of portraiture were landscape and narrative painting.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon work and Rembrandt Harmenszoon was admired by his contemporaries as a masterful interpreter of biblical stories.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon was extremelty skilled in representing emotions and gave attention to the detail of theme chosen for the painting.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon developed and refined his skill as a printmaker as his career move on..
Rembrandt focused on etchings for most of his career.
But when Rembrandt Harmenszoon had to sell his printing-press, abandoned etching.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon also worked on the “Hundred Guilder Print” throughout the 1640s.
It was the "critical work in the middle of his career".
In 1650s, Rembrandt Harmenszoon improvise on the plate and large prints.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon then started using hatching to create his dark areas, which often take up much of the plate.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon also painted on different kinds of paper, including Japanese paper, and vellum.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon used “surface tone” instead of wiping the plate fully Rembrandt Harmenszoon leaves a thin film of ink on parts of the plate
Rembrandt Harmenszoon made use of drypoint, exploiting, in his paintings.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon prints and paintings included the twenty-seven self-portraits
There are forty-six landscapes, which was like the graphic treatment of landscape.
Some of Rembrandt Harmenszoon etchings are based on religious subjects.
Some based on homely simplicity, and some were the monumental prints.
Some erotic and seductive compositions have no equivalent in the history.
He also possesed a spectacular collection of prints by other artists such as as Mantegna, Raphael, Hercules Segers, and Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione.
He used to collect and borrow to influence and enhance his work.
Rembrandt became very popular and famous in the 19th century.
The Netherlands, embraced him as national heroes and symbols.
French artists believed that Rembrandt Harmenszoon was working as a revolutionist, as it embodied democracy and republican sentiment.
While living in Jewish quarter of Amsterdam, Rembrandt Harmenszoon had painted beggars and the urban poor.
It was an evidence of his sympathy for different social groups.
They portrayed him as an example to the French realists.
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