Rembrandt Harmenszoon Birthday (July 15th)

Rembrandt Harmenszoon Birthday (July 15th)

Rembrandt Harmenszoon Birth Details 

  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon was born on July 15, 1606 in Leiden, Netherlands.

Importance

  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon was a Dutch painter and etcher. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon is one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history especially the Dutch history. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon contributed to art in a period known as the “Dutch Golden Age.”

Rembrandt Harmenszoon Early Life

  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon was the ninth child of Harmen Gerritszoon van Rijn and Neeltgen Willemsdochter van Zuytbrouck. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon father was a miller and a rich man. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon attended Latin school and was graduated from the University of Leiden. 
  • In Rembrandt Harmenszoon college days, Rembrandt Harmenszoon had a greater inclination towards painting. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon was very impressed with a Leiden history painter, Jacob van Swanenburgh. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon spent three years in his apprenticeship. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon also worked with the famous painter Pieter Lastman for few months. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon opened a studio in Leiden in 1624. 
  • In 1629, Rembrandt met the statesman, Constantijn Huygens. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon was the father of Christiaan Huygens.
  • Rembrandt was able to get important commissions from the court of The Hague. 
  • As a result of this connection, Prince Frederik Hendrik started purchasing paintings from Rembrandt. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon purchased till 1646.

Rembrandt Harmenszoon Career

  • In the year 1631, Rembrandt Harmenszoon shifted to Amsterdam. 
  • In Amsterdam, Rembrandt Harmenszoon started as a professional portraitist.
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon achieved great success. 
  • In 1934, Rembrandt Harmenszoon married Saskia van Uylenburg. 
  • Saskia hailed from a reputed family, father was a lawyer and mayor of Leeuwarden. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon married her in the local church of St. Annaparochie. 
  • one of the relatives were present. 
  • Couple had three children who died within few months of their birth 
  • Only the fourth child, Titus, born in 1641, could survive. 
  • But then, Saskia died in 1642 soon after Titus's birth. 
  • She died of tuberculosis. Rembrandt's draw many paintings of her sick and death bed. 
  • Rembrandt had produced over 600 paintings.
  • Out of these paintings, 400 etchings and 2,000 drawings are known. 
  • All his paintings are traditionally called etchings. 
  • Cost of these are produced by engraving and sometimes drypoint. 
  • It is believed that Rembrandt Harmenszoon made more than 2,000 drawings in his lifetime. 
  • Rembrandt’s primary subjects for the themes of portraiture were landscape and narrative painting. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon work and Rembrandt Harmenszoon was admired by his contemporaries as a masterful interpreter of biblical stories. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon was extremelty skilled in representing emotions and gave attention to the detail of theme chosen for the painting. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon developed and refined his skill as a printmaker as his career move on.. 
  • Rembrandt focused on etchings for most of his career. 
  • But when Rembrandt Harmenszoon had to sell his printing-press, abandoned etching.
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon also worked on the “Hundred Guilder Print” throughout the 1640s. 
  • It was the "critical work in the middle of his career".

Contribution

  • In 1650s, Rembrandt Harmenszoon improvise on the plate and large prints. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon then started using hatching to create his dark areas, which often take up much of the plate. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon also painted on different kinds of paper, including Japanese paper, and vellum. 
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon used “surface tone” instead of wiping the plate fully Rembrandt Harmenszoon leaves a thin film of ink on parts of the plate
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon made use of drypoint, exploiting, in his paintings.
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon prints and paintings included the twenty-seven self-portraits 
  • There are forty-six landscapes, which was like the graphic treatment of landscape. 
  • Some of Rembrandt Harmenszoon etchings are based on religious subjects. 
  • Some based on homely simplicity, and some were the monumental prints. 
  • Some erotic and seductive compositions have no equivalent in the history. 
  • He also possesed a spectacular collection of prints by other artists such as as Mantegna, Raphael, Hercules Segers, and Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione.
  • He used to collect and borrow to influence and enhance his work. 
  • Rembrandt became very popular and famous in the 19th century. 
  • The Netherlands, embraced him as national heroes and symbols. 
  • French artists believed that Rembrandt Harmenszoon was working as a revolutionist, as it embodied democracy and republican sentiment. 
  • While living in Jewish quarter of Amsterdam, Rembrandt Harmenszoon had painted beggars and the urban poor. 
  • It was an evidence of his sympathy for different social groups. 
  • They portrayed him as an example to the French realists.