French Revolution brought about immense transformation in the general public and government of France. The revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, also had far-reaching impacts on the rest of Europe. It pioneered egalitarian principles to France but did not make the nation a democratic state. Nevertheless, it ended absolute statute of the French kings and reinforced the strength of the middle class. After the revolution began, no European kings, nobles, or other privileged groups could ever again take their authority for granted or pay no attention to the principles of autonomy and equality.
Causes of the French Revolution
Different communal, political, and financial circumstances led to the revolution in France. These conditions included much disappointment among the lower and middle classes, notice in new ideas about government, and fiscal inconvenience caused by the costs of wars.
Social Causes of the French Revolution
The maximum of the French community belonged to the working class whose hard earned money was being used to finance the foreign wars and the court extravagance along with being the funds with which to repay public debt. Even though on the facade of it the King had merged supreme realm which should have put a stop to feudalism, the small land owners and the peasant class were still bound to awfully unjust bonds with the feudal lords. This anxiety and irritation of the middle class was the result of the oppressive rule of the monarchist regime.
Economic Causes of the French Revolution
The cost of affording a reputable or even a constant lifestyle had shot sky high with the rise in bread cost and essential necessities. Not only this, the middle class was supposed to pay heavy taxes to fund the governments running. This clearly led to the reaction of annoyance within those who wanted a more equal system of authority in France.
Religious Causes of the French Revolution
The Christian monarchs of that time were known to be very prejudiced which resulted in the harassment of spiritual and racial minorities in France. Moreover the main beliefs of Christianity were distorted by the priests to achieve power over the people and uphold their graciousness as a result rationally straight jacketing the government. This is the only cause why the monarchist government of France was being considered as being backwards.
When the ruling party is unfair and carries with it the sign of a religion then that religion gets the charge for being unfair. As a result the revolutionary movement was also seen as an anti God movement because of the deeds of the so called men of God. It is actually those people who practiced inequality under the sign of religion and wronged the people that gave origin to the atheistic character of the revolution and the deeds of the so called men of God can be observed as one of the most important causes that in the end guided to the revolt.
Revolution in Brief
The revolution commenced with a government monetary crisis but rapidly became a movement of improvement and vicious alterations. In one of the early proceedings, a crowd in Paris captured the Bastille, an imperial castle and jail, which had developed into a mark of cruelty. A sequence of chosen legislatures then took control of the government. In August 1789, the Assembly adopted the Decrees of August 4 and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. The decrees put an end to some feudal dues that the peasants owed their landlords, the tax advantages of the clergy and nobles, and regional privileges.
The declaration guaranteed the same fundamental rights to all citizens, including "liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression," as well as democratic government. The Assembly afterwards drafted a statute that made France a limited monarchy with a one-house legislature. Number of regions into which France was divided is 83. Each region in France was known as Departments. Each department run by councils elected by local governments. But the right to vote and hold public office was limited to citizens who paid a certain amount in taxes.
In The End
King Louis XVI and his wife, Marie Antoinette, were put to death. Many others faced the equivalent doom in a period called the Reign of Terror. The French Revolution brought France into conflict with much of Europe. The monarchs ruling the other countries panicked the spread of democratic ideals. The revolution left the French people in great disagreement about the best form of government for their country. By 1799, most were probably tired of political conflict altogether. But the revolution produced the long-lasting foundations for a united state, a strong central government, and a liberated society dominated by the middle class and the landowners.