Ernest Hemingway Birthday (July 21st)

Ernest Hemingway Birthday (July 21st)

Ernest Hemingway Birth Details

Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois.

Importance of Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Hemingway was an American novelist, story writer, and journalist.

Ernest Hemingway Personal Life

  • Ernest Hemingway father was Clarence Edmonds Hemingway.
  • He was a doctor.
  • His mother was Grace Hall Hemingway.
  • His residence was a six-bedroom Victorian house.
  • It was built by Ernest Miller Hall, an English immigrant and Civil War veteran.
  • He used to live with the family and Hemingway was his namesake.
  • His mother always wanted to have twins, so she dressed young Ernest and his sister, Marcelline in similar dresses and with similar hairstyles.
  • His mother wanted her son to develop interest in music but Ernest Hemingway developed hobbies of hunting, fishing and camping in the woods and lakes.
  • The family had a house called “Windemere” on Michigan's Walloon Lake.
  • They often used to spend summers there.
  • In this way, he developed a passion for outdoor adventure in remote or isolated areas.

Ernest Hemingway Early Life

  • Hemingway schooled and graduated from Oak Park and River Forest High School from 1913 to 1917.
  • He was excellent in academics as well as and athletics.
  • Ernest Hemingway played, boxing and American football.
  • He displayed amazing talent in English classes.
  • He first writing experience was writing for the school newspaper, "Trapeze" and "Tabula."
  • He also served as an editor in his higher classes.
  • He also wrote under the pen name Ring Lardner, Jr., who was his literary hero.

Ernest Hemingway Career

  • In 1917, Ernest Hemingway began his writing career as a reporter for “The Kansas City Star”.
  • He worked there for only six months but he utilized the guidance of the Star's “style guide” as a foundation for his writing style: "Use short sentences. Use short first paragraphs. Use vigorous English. Be positive, not negative."
  • Hemingway left his reporting job to join the United States Army to see action in World War I.
  • He failed the medical examination due to poor vision, and decided to join the “Red Cross Ambulance Corps.”
  • After the war, he shifted to Oak Park and settled in an apartment on 1599 Bathurst Street, in Toronto, Ontario.
  • It is now known as The Hemingway.
  • Here he found a job with the Toronto Star newspaper and worked as a freelancer, staff writer, and foreign correspondent.
  • Till 1921, he lived in Chicago, collecting and writing stories for “The Toronto Star.”
  • He also worked as an assistant editor of the “Co-operative Commonwealth.” It was a monthly journal.

Ernest Hemingway Marital Life

On 3rd September 1921, Ernest Hemingway married, Hadley Richardson. In December, they left Chicago and Oak Park, and moved abroad.

Contribution

  • Ernest Hemingway was part of the 1920s expatriate community in Paris.
  • He was one of the veterans of World War One later known as "the Lost Generation."
  • It was a term coined by Gertrude Stein according to Ernest Hemingway memoir “A Moveable Feast.”
  • In 1953, he received the Pulitzer Prize for “The Old Man and the Sea.” Ernest Hemingway got the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.
  • He is writing style is characterized by economy and understatement.
  • He was a distinct writer as compared to his literary rival William Faulkner.
  • He writing style had significant influence on the development fiction writing in twentieth century.

Most of Ernest Hemingway work is now categorized under the basic classics of American literature. Some of Ernest Hemingway famous novels are:

  • "The Torrents of Spring”
  • “The Sun Also Rises”
  • “A Farewell to Arms”
  • “To Have and Have Not”
  • “For Whom the Bell Tolls”
  • “Across the River and Into the Trees”
  • “The Old Man and the Sea”
  • “Islands in the Stream”
  • “The Garden of Eden”
  • “True at First Light.”

Some of Ernest Hemingway stories collections are :

  • (1923) Three Stories and Ten Poems
  • (1925) In Our Time
  • (1927) Men Without Women
  • (1933) Winner Take Nothing
  • (1936) The Snows of Kilimanjaro
  • (1938) The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories
  • (1969) The Fifth Column and Four Stories of the Spanish Civil War
  • (1972) The Nick Adams Stories
  • (1987) The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway
  • (1995) Everyman's Library: The Collected Stories