Nowadays, the world of fashion has reached the peak with the effort of new design, style and contour of clothes. But if the entire range of different collection we had to develop by hand woven garbs. Sewing machine being the first invention paved the way to build huge textile unit and industries. Thus, we can not forget and deny the contribution of sewing machine in our life.
Why is Sewing Machine Day celebrated?
Sewing Machine day is celebrated to pay honor to one of the greatest invention of the human.Sewing Machine day is known that food, shelter and cloth are three basic needs of human kind. Invention of sewing machine has solved one of the prioritized needs of human being, i.e.. cloth.
When is it celebrated?
It is celebrated either on 13th June or 10th September every year.
Sewing Machine day is mechanical (or electromechanical) machine to join fabric with the use of different types of thread. Stitches made by sewing machine are known as sewing-machine stitch. It generally uses two different threads. Few machines can use more threads for stitching.
Importance of Sewing machine
Sewing machines give us wide variety of plain or patterned stitches in any kind of clothe to make it more appealing. Sewing machines have different units for gripping, supporting, and conveying the fabric to the sewing needle in order to form the stitch pattern. Few kinds of sewing machines can create embroidery-stitches, which is very famous all over the world. Various sewing machines for domestic use and even big industrial machines also use two thread stitches which are known as lockstitch.
The initiation at mechanical sewing machine was taken place by Charles Fredrick Wiesenthal. He was from German and was serving in England. He got the honor of British Patent No. 701 in the year 1755 for the invention of double pointed needle which has an eye at one end. This needle was so designed that it was able to go through the cloth with the aid of a pair of mechanical fingers, so that it could be grasped on the other side by a second pair.
Since the thread and the needle, passed through the fabric, therefore, it was mandatory to keep the thread short. Obviously, it was required regular halt in order to make the supply anew. After that, various efforts took place to evolve the structure and utility of a sewing machine. Several patents also awarded from the time frame of 1795 to 1830. But the entire attempt was in vain. Then one French tailor named Barthelemy Thimonnier took revolutionary step. His invention of sewing machine which was powered by foot pedal took a new shape of the device. This machine used to form chain stitch by holding cloth together. Thimonnier got the honor of French patent in the year 1830. Eighty machines of his invented pattern were taken by a factory located in Paris. Those machines were required to stitch clothes for Soldiers. But other tailors becoming green-eyed to the new invention and with the fear of losing livelihood attacked the factory and destroyed those machines. Then during 1834, Walter Hunt restatred the lock stitch. This stitch was found to be stronger and best suited for machine production. This kind of stitch is done by two different threads intersecting two layers of fabric. It makes a stitch which gives the impression of same kind of fabric from the both side. But Hunt found it monotonous and he sold his machine without considering the matter of patenting it.
Elias Howe had done patent to his machine in the year 1846. He adopted the same method like Hunt, but he placed fabric vertically. He then took a lengthy attempt in England in order to drag the interest of the public towards his machine. When he came back to America, he found that his patented machine was being invalidated by the people. He returned to America to find various people refusing his patent. Then after a long attempt, he fortunately gained the honor of being the right person to be claimed royalties from the manufacturing units in the year 1854 for his patented machine.
Isaac Merritt Singer was another revolutionist in the evolution of sewing machine. He captured the glance of a rotary sewing machine which was getting repaired in a Boston shop, which he found lacking good design. This machine was the compilation of elements of Thimonnier’s, Hunts and Howe’s machines. In the year 1851, he applied for the American patent. Sewing Machine day was heard that he patented foot pedal (or Treadle) which uses to power some of his machines. Howe came to know about Singer’s machine. Singer was taken to the court. Howe won the case and Singer being by the laws gave lump sum payment for all machines already produced. Singer then arranged license under Howe’s patent. Then he made the payment of $15 per machine. Singer got associated with lawyer, Edward Clark as a partner. Both of them formed the first hire-purchase scheme in order to make machines affordable to any people. During the time frame of 1850 various companies were being established. They tried to sue each other in those issues. Then the revolutionary step was taken by James Edward Allen Gibbs who was a farmer from Raphine in Rockbridge County of Virginia. It was the day of 2nd June of the year 1857; he was the first one to patent chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine. In association with James Wilcox, Gibbs started heading the Wilcox & Gibbs Sewing Machine Company which is still running strong in the market.
Modern Sewing Machine
Nowadays, machines are operated by computers. Modern machines use stepper motors or sequential cams in order to reach different difficult patterns and designs.
Celebration of Sewing Machine day
This specialized sewing day can be celebrated by different activities like greeting people with cards flowers and other gifts. But best gift to celebrate this day is by gifting your beloved with a fully-loaded sewing machine. Else you can celebrate it by gifting greatly fabricated cloth stitched by good quality sewing machine.