Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce is famous as a journalist, editorialist, satirist and short-story writer. He is famously known for his contribution in short stories like The Devil's Dictionary and Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge.
Birth Details of Ambrose Bierce
- Ambrose was born on 24th July, 1842.
- His cynical outlook and critic character earned him pet name of "Bitter Bierce."
- Despite his cynic nature, he was always being the source of inspiration for the young writing talent.
- To name a few motivated youngsters in this genre were W. C. Morrow, fiction writer and George Sterling, poet, who were inspired by him.
- He was born at Meigs County, rural place of Ohio and he was brought up at Kosciusko County from Indiana.
- His father was Marcus Aurelius Bierce and mother was née Laura Sherwood.
- He has some ancestral link from Bierce’s mother’s side.
Married Life of Ambrose Bierce
- Bierce got married to Mary Ellen ("Mollie") on Holy Christmas day of 1871.
- He had three children. Two of them were sons, Day and Leigh, and one is daughter, Helen.
- His two sons died very earlier. Day was shot during the fight over a woman. Leigh passed away from the disease pneumonia developed due to alcoholism.
- He got divorced with his wife in the year 1888 and she also died in the following year.
Army Career of Ambrose Bierce
- In the onset of American Civil war, this author was among the member of Union Army's 9th Indiana Infantry Regiment.
- In 1862, he became first lieutenant.
- Ambrose role was as a topographical Engineer, serving staff of General William Babcock Hazen by drawing maps for the battlefields.
- He was the part of “Battle of Shiloh” during the time of April, 1862, on which he wrote one novel later, entitled, “What I Saw of Shiloh”.
- The he kept on fighting in the Western theater, where he was the limelight of several newspapers due to his bravery in rescuing badly injured comrade during the Battle of Richmond at West Virginia.
- In1864, he was wounded badly in his head during the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain and he spent his summer on temporary leave or furlough, and then resumed his duty in the month of September.
- He got his discharge letter from Army in the following year, 1865.
- Again, he resumed his duty with General Hazen in 1866.
- In San Francisco, he got the honor of Brevet Major before he resigned from the armed force.
Writing Career of Ambrose Bierce
- In the following years, he remained in San Francisco, and worked as an editor and writer for many periodicals and newspapers like the Overland Monthly, The Wasp, The San Francisco News Letter, The Californian and The Argonaut.
- Then he went to England and worked Fun magazine during the time period of 1872 to 1875.
- Again he returned to San Francisco, and traveled in various places like Deadwood and Rocker Ville.
- Then he tried to work as local manager for one mining company of New York, but could not continue due to the ill-performance of the company.
- He came back to San Francisco and resumed his career as a journalist.
- During the time 1887, he wrote a column “The Prattle” and became daily columnist and editor for the newspaper San Francisco Examiner which was the newspaper of George Hearst.
- This way, he became most contributing and famous writer and editor in West Coast.
- He was associated with newspaper of Heart till 1906.
Contributory Writing of Ambrose Bierce
Ambrose wrote many short stories and novels in his eye-witnessed experience during war. To name a few:
- Killed at Resaca
- An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
Ambrose writing proved his literally competency through his every justified and well-carved words. He was famous as a master of “Pure English”. Apart from his war experience, he also wrote several volumes of verses and poesy.
Ambrose famous contribution in world-writing was:
- The Devil's Dictionary
- Fantastic Fables
- The Cynic's Word Book
- An Inhabitant of Carcosa
- A Horseman in the Sky
- A Vision of Doom: Poems by Ambrose Bierce
- An Imperfect Conflagration
Ambrose Disappearance of Ambrose Bierce
- In 1913, he departed Washington D.C. in order to visit his left-behind battlefield of Civil War.
- Ultimately, he reached Chihuahua, where it is known that he accompanied army of Villa.
- Then after sending a letter to his friend, he disappeared suddenly on 26th December, 1913 from that place.
- His disappearance is no doubt one of the most painful losses of history of American literary.