World Telecommunication Day 2013
World telecommunication day 2013 theme is "ICTs and improving road safety" and 2012 theme is "Women and Girls in ICT".
History of World Telecommunication Day
World Telecommunication Day commemorates the founding of the International Telecommunication Union in 1865. The first World Telecommunication Day was celebrated in 1969. Since then the 17th of May has been observed as World Telecommunication Day every year. The World Telecommunication Day has been identified by the Tunis phase of the World Summit on the Information Society as "World Information Society Day", since 2006.
Functions and Role of the International Telecommunication Union:
International Telecommunication Union was formed following the increasing demand for domain names among internet users all over the world. The function of the International Telecommunication Union is to co-ordinate global telecom networks and services with governments and the private sector. The International Telecommunication Union also sets international regulations and treaties to facilitate international communication. It works towards development of telecommunication systems in developing nations. Though it ITU was founded in Paris, its present head-quarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland.
Important landmarks in the history of World Telecommunication Day
The World Telecommunication Day celebrates and acknowledges the following developments that have taken place over the years:
- Invention of the first electric telegraph in 1837.
- International Telegraph Union Found by twenty States with the adoption of the first Convention and in 1865, the introduction of first Telegraph Regulations
- Invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.
- First provisions for international telephone service took place in 1885.
- First signals transmitted by radio-relay system in 1895.
- First radio transmission of human voice in 1902.
- Broadcasting of voice and music through radiotelephony in 1906.
- Sound broadcasting pioneered in 1920.
- Invention of telegraph in 1932.
- International Telecommunication Union becomes a special agency of United Nations in 1947.
- World’s first artificial satellite Sputnik-I launched in 1957
- 1983 was celebrated as the “World Communications Year”.
Focus areas of telecommunication:
- Harmonize national policies.
- Bridge technological differences.
- Promote connectivity.
- Foster interoperability of systems on a global scale.
- Overcome physical distances globally through internet, television, phone etc.
Why World Telecommunication Day is celebrated?
World Telecommunications Day is celebrated with the following objectives:
Enhance public awareness about the benefits of communication technology. Make information and communication more accessible to people residing in under-developed regions. Increase the global reach of technology across all nations and socio-economic strata. Let us now study the themes and examples of World Telecommunication Day celebrations in the past three years:
World Telecommunication Day 2005:
Creating an Equitable Information Society:
Time for Action was the chosen theme for World Telecommunication Day 2005.World Telecommunication Day 2005 marked the 140th anniversary of the advent of telecommunications in our lives. Technology and communications have come a long way since the invention of telegraph. Only a limited fraction of the world population has access to telecommunication. The aim is to provide equal access to communication systems to all of humanity. International Telecommunication Union has held Summits to device principles in order to make communication easy and economical for people across all geographical locations.
World Telecommunication Day 2006:
Promoting Global Cyber-security was the chosen theme for World Telecommunication Day 2006. As communication networks expand, so does the risk of information threats and stealth. Misuse and mishandling of important data can have serious economical and social repercussions. The aim of World Telecommunication Day 2006 is to make online communications more secure. Developing confident relationships with consumers will enhance the infrastructure and promote efficiency of online trade, commerce, banking, telemedicine, e-government and a host of other applications. Achieving the desired levels of Cyber-security calls for involvement at national, community and individual level.
World Telecommunication Day 2007:
“Connecting the Youth, the Opportunities of ICT” was adopted as the theme for 2007.
Young people constitute a large fraction of information technology users. They are in an optimum position to develop and contribute to the development of telecommunication systems worldwide. The aim is to focus on youth power in order to bridge the digital divide and make communication more accessible for future generations.
World Telecommunication Day 2008:
The theme for 2008 is “Connecting persons with disabilities”. ICT aims to make services and equipment accessible to differently people. The aim is to provide people with special needs with right to information and encourage them to participate equally. For this a holistic approach is required and public stereotypes and attitudes have to be changed. Inputs and ideas from this information deprived community may help further the technology development in the communication field.
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