Procedure for Tattooing
Tattoo is an artwork done on the body which may vary from a simple design, an intricate design or initials of your loved ones. Since pre-historic period people have been sporting tattoos on their bodies for different purposes like decorative, identification, health etc. in the modern times, sporting tattoos on the bodies have become quite a rage especially among the youth.
In the tattooing procedure, dyes, pigments or inks – be it one or many are injected into the connective tissues layer known as dermis. The pigment is then swallowed into epidermis which lies above the upper dermis. The pigment goes through the damaged layer, which leads to flaking of the damaged epidermis.
Once the epidermis starts flaking away, the pigment or ink present on the skin starts getting faded. However, granulation tissue starts forming in the deep layers of the skin. Over a period of time, the granulation tissue starts the healing of upper dermis and is converted into connective tissues. The healing of the upper dermis leads to stabilization of pigment in the dermis and formation of tattoo.
In the days gone by, all the cultures used to adopt different procedures to get tattoo engraved on their bodies. In some societies, designs were first cut or made on the skin and then inks, coloring agents or ashes were put on the wounds to create tattoo. On the other hand, in some societies, sharpened sticks or animal bones which were made like needles were used to beat ink into the skin.
In Japan, people still make Horimono (tattoos) the traditional way. They used hand-held non electrical tools which are equipped with needles made from bamboo or steel, to insert the ink into the skin.
Many societies and cultures still adhere to the traditional ways of tattoo-making.
Electric tattooing machine is the most commonly used method to get the tattoo engraved on the body. The electronic tattooing machine has needles which are attached to a bar which is further attached to an oscillating unit. The needles of the machine are used to insert ink or pigment into the skin. The needles, with the help of the oscillating unit are driven into the skin and out of it. The modern method makes the whole tattooing procedure simpler and easier. Also, the modern procedure is high on hygienic factor when compared to the other traditional procedures since needles used to engrave the tattoo are dispensable and are available in individual packing i.e. one package could be used only for one client.
The number of needles used in the electric tattooing machines varies on the basis of size, pattern and shading of the tattoo.
The electrical machines, which are available these days, are very different from the ones which were invented in 1891 by Samuel O’ Reilly. The machine invented by Reilly was based on the electric engraving device’s rotary technology while electromagnetic coils are used in the tattoo machines used these days. In 1899, Alfred Charles invented the twin coil machine for the first time which is considered as the predecessor of modern electrical tattoo machines.
Whether you use traditional method or the modern procedures to get tattoos engraved on your body, it must be admitted that the entire procedure is quite painful and you must ensure that the tattoo artist follows proper instructions for tattooing and hygiene diligently, washes his hands and the area where you want the tattoo to be engraved. Also, you must ensure that the tattoo artist wears gloves throughout the procedure and the wound should be cleaned properly every now and then with a wet disposable napkin. All this is very essential to prevent the infections or allergies that may arise due to tattooing