River Birch Tree

River Birch Tree

River Birch Tree Facts

Specific Name:   Betula nigra
Hardiness Zones:   4 to 9
Growth_Rate:   Moderate to rapid
Site Requirements:   Sun to partial shade; moist, well drained soil; will tolerate damp soil
Texture:   Fine to medium
Form:   Pyramidal
Height:   40 to 70'
Weight:   40 to 60
Leaf:   2 to 3.5" alternate, simple leaf; modest yellow fall color
Flower/Fruit:   Fruiting catkins
Comments:    Multistemmed is desired; native; graceful branching; easy to transplant; best not to prune in spring - sap "bleeds"; heat tolerant; cinnamon brown exfoliating bark; may drop some leaves during dry weather; seeds attract birds
Habit:   Deciduous
Cultivars:   Duraheat, Fox Valley (Dense, compact, oval to rounded habit; branches to the ground; dense foliage; 10 to 20'), Heritage, Suwanee (Lustrous dark green leaves; salmon white exfoliating bark)