Jewish Calendar 2014

Jewish calendar, also known as the Hebrew calendar is the yearly calendar that is followed in Judaism. The calendar determines the important dates, the Jewish Holidays and the correct Torah portions for the people to read them. The Calendar also determines the Yahrzeits, which are the dates to honour the death of the relatives and the precise dates for Psalms that are read by the people customarily.

The Ancient form of the Calender:

There have been two different forms of the calendar that have been used. One of them was an observational form used before the annihilation of the Second Temple in 70 CE, which was based on the observation of the phases of the moon. The other form of the calendar was rule-based which was described by the Maimonides at first in 1178 CE. The latter was accepted during a period of transition between 70 and 1178 CE.

The Modern Form:

The modern version of the Hebrew calendar is determined by arithmetic calculations and is a lunisolar calendar. Since there is roughly a difference of 11 days between 12 lunar months and a single solar year, the Hebrew calendar repeats itself in a Metonic cycle that consists of 235 lunar months. An additional lunar month is placed after a period of every two-three years that sums up to 7 times in a span of 19 years.

The Jewish Days in a Week:

The Jewish calendar works the same way as an ordinary 7-day weekly cycle. All the days are named in Hebrew and names that have been given to the weekdays are just the number of the days within the week. For example, Yom Rishon means "the first day", which is Sunday. Similarly, Yom Sheini is the "second day", Yom Shlishi is the "third day", Yom Rivii is the "fourth day", Yom Chamishi is the "fifth day", Yom Shishi is the "sixth day" and lastly the Yom Shabbat which means the "seventh day" and is equivalent to Saturday.

Jewish Calendar 2013

Jewish Holiday 2013 Date
Fast of Tevet 10 January 1
Tu B'Shevat January 26
Ta'anit Esther February 21
Purim February 24
Shushan Purim February 25
Passover(First day). March 26
Passover(Final day) April 2
Yom Hazikaron April 7
Yom Hazikaron April 14
Yom Hazikaron April 15
Lag B'Omer April 28
Yom Yerushalayim May 8
Shavuot (1st day) May 15
Tisha B'Av July 16
Rosh Hashanah (1st day) September 5
Fast of Gedaliah September 7
Yom Kippur September14
Sukkot September 19
Hoshanah Rabbah September 25
Shemini Atzeret September 26
Simchat Torah September 27
Hanukkah November 28

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