Flower Botanical Names



Significance of botanical names of flowers

Even though there are hundreds of myths coupled with flower names, we generally identify flowers by their actual botanical names. A flower species can have more than one common name with different meanings but contains only one formal or scientific name with worldwide acceptance. Most of the flower botanical names have no real meaning but have a special significance in understanding their type and specimen. For instance, there are over 100 species of roses in its genus with different common names but each one has its own botanical name with unique identification.

Origin of flower botanical names:

  • To understand the origins of different flower species and identify their symbolic features, knowing their botanical names is very important. Each of these formal scientific names has its own importance and meaning and represents the type of a particular specimen with definite significant features. Botanical names not only prevent people from getting confused between different species of flower plants, but also specify the relationship between different species.
  • The origin of flower species classification was made many centuries ago in the worldwide well-known languages, Latin and Greek. Most of these words are created using rules set by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN). According to ICBN, the botanical names of flowers are the combination of two words both genus and species: the first one indicates the group or genus to which the flower belongs to and the other represents the characteristics of the individual flower type.

Importance of botanical names:

While it is undoubtedly difficult to learn the scientific botanical names, they are certainly very helpful to the amateur biologists or plant collectors to avoid confusion. At times, it becomes hard to distinguish between two flowers that have similar resemblance of features bearing the same common names. In such cases, it is better to rely on their botanical names, which are generally unique and help to categorize different flowers of the same species. This scientific representation is extremely helpful to the beginners to understand the characteristics of each flower and help them to get perfect plants for their garden.


Flowers Botanical Names Flowers Common Names
Agapanthus --» African lily
Allium --» flowering onion
Alpinia --» ginger
Alstroemeria --» peruvian lily
Amaranthus --» love lies bleeding
Amaryllis --» knight star
Ammi --» queen Anne's lace
Anemone --» windflower
anethum --» dill
Anigozanthos --» kangaroo paw
Anthurium --» flamingo flower
antirrhinum --» snapdragon
Astrantia --» masterwort
Bouvardia --» Bouvardia
Cattleya Orchid --» corsage orchid
Celosia --» cockscomb
chamelaucium --» waxflower
Chrysanthemum --» ox-eye daisy
chrysanthemum frutescens --» marguerite
craspedia --» drumstick
Crocosmia --» montbretia
Curcuma --» Curcuma
Cymbidium Orchid --» Cymbidiun hybrid
Dahlia --» Dahlia
Delphinium --» Delphiniums
Dendrobium Orchid --» King orchid
Dianthus --» Carnation
Eremurus --» foxtail lily
Eryngium --» sea holly
Eucharis --» amazon lily
Euphorbia fulgens --» scarlet plume
Forsythia --» Forsythia
Freesia --» Freesia
Gentiana --» gentian
Gerbera --» transvaal daisy
Gladiolus --» sword lily
Gloriosa --» flame lily
Gypsophila --» baby's breath
Helenium --» sneezeweed
helianthus --» Common Sunflower
Heliconia species --» lobster claw
Flowers Botanical Names Flowers Common Names
Hellebore --» christmas rose
hyacinthus --» hyacinth
Hydrangea --» Hortensia
Hypericum --» st john's wort
Iris --» Bearded
Kniphofia --» red-hot poker
lathyrus --» sweet pea
Leucospermum --» pincushion protea
Lily --» lilium
Lily of the Valley --» convallaria
Limonium --» sea lavender
Lisianthus --» eustoma
mathiola --» stock
Moluccella --» bells of Ireland
Muscari --» grape hyacinth
Narcissus --» tazetta
Nerine --» guernsey lily
Oncidium Orchid --» golden shower orchid
Orchis --» Orchids
ornithogalum --» Chincherinchee
paeonia --» peony
Paphiopedilum Orchid --» lady's slipper orchid
Phalaenopsis Orchid --» moth orchid
Phlox --» Garden Phlox
polianthes tuberosa --» tuberose
Protea --» sugarbush
Ranunculus --» turban buttercup
rosa --» rose
Rudbeckia --» coneflower
scabiosa --» scabious
Sedum --» stonecrop
Strelitzia --» bird of paradise
syringa --» lilac
Tabebuia --» Pink
Trachelium --» blue throatwort
tulipa --» tulip
vanda --» Vanda Orchid
Viburnum Opulus --» Black Haw
Zantedeschia --» arum
Zinnia elegans --» Zinnia