Black Gum Tree

Black Gum Tree

Black Gum Tree Facts

Specific Name:   Nyssa sylvatica
Hardiness Zones:   3 to 9
Growth_Rate:   Slow to moderate
Site Requirements:   Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well drained soil; provide shelter from wind; tolerates wet soil and clay
Texture:   Medium
Form:   Pyramidal when young; opens with age; some branches are pendulous; right angled branches are attractive in winter
Height:   "40 to 60 40 to 60'"
Weight:   20 to 30'
Leaf:   3 to 6" alternate, simple, lustrous, dark green leaves; yellow, orange, red to purple fall color
Flower/Fruit:   Flowers are not showy; .5" bluish black fruit in fall
Comments:    Native; difficult to transplant due to taproot; casts light shade; good street tree if not heavily polluted; does not tolerate standing water; honey plant for bees; fruit attracts birds
Habit:   Deciduous
Cultivars:   --