American Holly Tree

American Holly Tree

American Holly Tree Facts

Specific Name:   Ilex opaca
Hardiness Zones:   5 to 9
Growth_Rate:   Slow
Site Requirements:   Sun to partial shade; moist well drained soil; avoid extremely dry, windy, and wet sites
Texture:   Medium
Form:   Upright; conical; pyramidal in youth; with age open, irregular with high branches at wide angles
Height:   30 to 60'
Weight:   18 to 35
Leaf:   1.5 to 3.5" alternate, simple leaf; dark green, spiny, leathery
Flower/Fruit:   Small white flowers in late spring; red fruit maturing in fall and lasting into winter
Comments:    Native; must have both sexes for berry production; single or multitrunked; larval food for Henry's elfin butterfly; berries attracts birds; light gray bark; tolerates air pollution
Habit:   Evergreen
Cultivars:   Kleimi