The first discussion of the need for a global treaty for the stabilization of atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases was held in March/April 1995 in Berlin. It was the first session of the Conference of the Parties (Cops). This first discussion of the topic was called the Berlin Mandate. Proposals and supporting votes were gathered from the members of the FCCC. The discussions and preparations were carried on until the third session of the Conference of the Parties held in December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan. On December 11, 1997, the protocol was initially adopted in Kyoto, Japan.