The Convention on Climate Change is a United Nations framework that focuses on stabilizing the atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases such that they do not hinder the natural climate system. They aim to do it in a period and using the methods that would not disturb the ecosystems, food production and economic development.
Sharing the same objectives as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto protocol was introduced in a conference in Kyoto Japan in 1997. Industrialized, developed countries signed the protocol and some ratified it. The ratified members agreed to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2% of the amount in 1990 by the year 2012 through the innovative mechanisms recommended by the protocol.