The Kyoto protocol is an international agreement concerning the reduction of the atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases. The member states (including Australia) of the United Nation Framework Convention of Climate Change prepared and signed the protocol.
The general terms of the protocol required the members to reduce the level of greenhouse gases emissions by 5.2% of the levels of 1990, collectively. Australia individually was permitted to increase the levels by 8%.
Australia was one of the first member states to sign the protocol. It signed the protocol on April 29, 1998. However, it did not ratify it for sometime, even though it was already on its way to reduce emissions. Australian government ratified the protocol on March 11, 2008. After the Dublin conference in October 2012, it has been noted that Australia has decided to ratify the second commitment of the Kyoto protocol.