Cosmetic Surgery

"Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder" goes the common saying. People are getting obsessed with beauty. For this they are ready to go under the knife to get the perfect look. Gone are the days when people used to take pride in the fact that they are ageing gracefully. Of course even today not everybody goes in for cosmetic surgery, but generally the celebrities who always have to be in the limelight and who have to always look good, go in for this surgery.

Cosmetic surgery is done by people from various walks of life not necessarily restricting to celebrities. Today with the cost of cosmetic surgery coming down and also with some of the health insurance companies paying for it more and more people are getting pulled into this whirlpool of beauty business with the men not lagging behind either.

Psychological impact

A patient has to be fully aware of the complications that may occur, as these procedures may not be entirely free of side effects. They have to mentally prepare for everything and it is the surgeon's duty to counsel the patient about the same.

What is Cosmetic surgery?

Cosmetic surgery is that branch of medicine which involves both surgery and medical techniques done to enhance or restore the appearance of a person on any part of the body. A cosmetic surgeon has specialized knowledge on various aspects of the anatomy like dermatology, pathology, plastic surgery, general surgery, anesthesia. .A cosmetic surgeon also has to be a good counselor.

He has to continuously upgrade himself with the latest techniques and surgeries and read all possible material available. A cosmetic surgeon should have a sound judgment and technical expertise to handle the cases as the surgery could make or break a person's life forever.

In 1985 Cosmetic Surgery was founded by American Academy. Its members include dermatologists, plastic surgeons, head and neck surgeons. All these surgeons specialize in cosmetic surgery.

Different types of plastic or cosmetic surgery are:

Breast cosmetic surgery

A breast is one of the most vital parts of a woman's body. Women undergo breast surgery either to enhance, uplift or reduce which gives them a feeling of goodness and instills confidence in them. The procedure may take 2-3 hours and the side effects may range from scars, swelling to loss of sensation in the breasts.


Liposuction is the removing of fat deposits with a tube and vacuum device. The common areas of liposuction are abdomen, buttocks, chin, upper arms, and thighs. To reduce post-operative swelling, area is injected with saline solution containing local anesthesia. For larger amounts of fat a new technique called UAL (Ultrasound assisted lipoplasty) is used where an ultrasound is inserted under the fat cells to melt or liquify the fats.

Duration is of 2-3 hours and side effects may include swelling, numbness.

Rhinoplasty (Nose surgery)

The procedures involved in rhinoplasty include reshaping the nose, changing the tip or bridge of the nose, reducing the size of the nostrils, reducing the space between upper lip and nose

Length of the surgery may be of 2 hours or more and possible side effects may include bleeding, headaches, and swelling

Abdominoplasty (Tummy Tuck)

The procedure involves flattening of the abdomen by removing the excess fat and tightening the muscles

The procedure may take 2-5 hours and there may be side effects ranging from going in for a second operation to blood clots infections etc.

Facial Wrinkle treatments

The appearance of fine lines and creases on the face are signs of aging. Wrinkling of the skin occurs due to various reasons like exposure to sun, use of tobacco, bad nutrition etc. To rectify this many techniques are available, the latest being Botox treatments. Botox (Botulinum Toxin) is produced from bacteria in the laboratory.

It is a non-surgical procedure where the doctor gives tiny injections directly into the facial muscles. The entire procedure lasts only for 10 minutes. The frown lines will gradually disappear after 3-4 days. The effect of the treatment last for a few months. The injections can be given every 4 months. The possible side-effects of Botox may include headaches, nausea, muscle weakness.

Other wrinkle treatments include collagen injections which are animal protein fillers that are injected to reduce the visibility of wrinkles.

Cosmetic Dentistry

The various kinds of cosmetic dentistry include Teeth whitening; tooth contouring and reshaping where one can have a great killer smile, cosmetic gum surgery where a gummy smile can be corrected with gum surgery.

Cosmetic surgery for men

Apart from women, men are also going in for cosmetic surgery the most popular ones being hair transplantation, eye surgery, nose surgery

To conclude, a lot has been debated on the pros and cons of cosmetic surgery. While some say that it is their body and they have every right to make it look the way they want to, there are others who feel that it is a very heavy price to pay if something goes wrong in the procedure for it may have life long psychological problems and may scar a person for life. So ultimately its each persons discretion as to what he wants to do. Amen to that.