Zoological garden is a place where animals are confined within enclosures. Meant to be displayed to public, for both recreational and educative purpose these gardens which provide the right environment for breeding within natural habitat.
Findings from excavations has shown that zoological collection existed during the Hierakonpolis, Egypt era in 3500 B.C.Hippos, hartebeest, elephants, baboons and wildcats were on display in guarded enclosures. During the 2nd century, Chinese Empress Tanki designed a "house of deer" and had it built. Israelite King Solomon and King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylonia had encouraged Zoological gardens. The 4th century BCE saw the existence of zoos as a common thing. Greek emperor, Alexander the Great and Roman emperors maintained private collections of animals for study or for use in the arena for fights to entertain public.
Zoological parks are designed based on the type of outlook and structure it wants to present. Open-range zoos have fewer animals in huge outdoor enclosures. There are no cages. The animals are restricted with moats and fences. Safari parks, as called lion farms give the visitor a close encounter with visitors to drive through in a vehicle and see animals in their natural habitat.
Roadside zoos are designed to attract customers at a gas station .Animals and birds are trained to perform tricks. They are unregulated zoos and non-profitable ventures.
Petting zoo or children's zoos are designed to attract kids. They have a mix of domestic animals and wild species. Hygienic food is supplied by the zoo from vending machines.
A zoo is well planned and divided according to regions. The smaller animals and birds are kept in the entrance of the zoological garden. The safari which requires a lot of open space is allotted the rear part of the garden as the journey becomes more adventurous and fun.The enclosures are constructed to replicate their natural habitats. Special structures with dim white or red light are built for nocturnal animals. Penguins demand special climate conditions to live in radical environments. Birds, insects, reptiles and fish, have a different enclosure. For tourist‘s walk-through exhibits are made for lemurs, marmosets, birds, lizards, and turtles.