The credit for pioneering successful organ transplantation goes to Dr. Joseph Murray. His first successful procedure was kidney transplantation in the year 1954. He transplanted a kidney from a man to his twin brother. It was a groundbreaking feat in the surgical field.
He performed kidney transplants between many identical twins. In 1959, he performed kidney transplant for a non-identical twin. In 1962, he transplanted a kidney from a deceased person. He pioneered many transplant techniques that helped with different organ transplantations over the years. In 1990, he was awarded the Noble Prize for his accomplishments in the medical field.