In the history of transplantation surgeries, the first successful one related to the eyes is dated back to 1905. Dr. Eduard Zirm performed cornea transplantation, which was one of the pioneering transplantation procedures. In cornea transplantation, diseased or damaged cornea (the front, transparent part of the eyes) is replaced, fully or partially, by cornea tissue, donated by a healthy, deceased person.
It is accounted that Dr. Conrad D. Moore at Methodist Hospital, Houston, did the first whole eye transplantation in 1969. The surgery was not successful in restoring the patient’s sight, but it was the first of its kind. The failure was attributed to poor storage of the donated eyes before the surgery.