Vasectomy is a surgical procedure which makes it impossible for a man to get a woman pregnant. The operation is basically the process of cutting and sealing the vas deferens which are the tubes which carries semen from the testicles to the urethra. Once this process is done, there is no supply of sperm to the semen and the result is, pregnancy is not possible.
The earliest record of a successful vasectomy is in 1830 which was performed by Sir Ashley Cooper.
Sir Cooper did a vasectomy on a dog. After the surgery, he observed that even though the dog was able to have sex, it could not make other dogs pregnant.
By the end of the 19th century, a vasectomy was considered to be a rejuvenator, as it was believed to increase the sex drive.
In the beginning of the 20th century, vasectomies were used as a punishment by the authorities for drug addicts, criminals and any other such undesirable individuals.
Other beliefs surrounding vasectomies was that it was a cure for enlarged prostrate and a cure for masturbation. These ideas were based on loosely-defined facts and a total lack of scientific proof.
However, by the 1940s and 50s, vasectomies were being performed regularly as an effective method of birth control in the US.
It is an effective method of contraception in males. In fact it is the most effective method of contraception in males of all the permanent contraceptive methods.
Conventional Vasectomy: In this case, an incision is made on one side of the scrotum under local anesthesia, and the vas deferens is pulled, clamped and cauterized.
Fascial Interposition Vasectomy: Here, once the tube is cut, the fibrous layer called the fascia is pulled over the cut end and sewn together. This forms an additional barrier in case of entry of sperms.
Open and Closed-ended Vasectomy: In this method, both the ends or one end of the vas deferens is cut and cauterized.
No-Scalpel Vasectomy: Here, the scrotum is punctured and the vas deferens is pulled through an extremely small hole. The advantage is that it is the least painful and leaves no scar.
Vasclip Implantation: As the name indicates, a tiny plastic clip locks the vas deferens from the outside of the scrotum. This is however, not considered as effective as the other types of vasectomy.
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