What is Tubal Sterilization

What is Tubal Sterilization

Tubal sterilization is a type of surgery to clog or cut a woman's fallopian tubes. Tubal sterilization is a long lasting form of birth control. After this process, eggs cannot move from the ovary into the tubes, and ultimately to the uterus. Also, sperm cannot approach the egg in the fallopian tube after it’s separation from the ovary. Thus, pregnancy is avoided.

History of Tubal Sterilization

At present nearly 700,000 such surgeries are performed every year in the United States.  A part of it is performed immediately after a woman gives birth and the other part of this surgery is elective process and performed as a one-day surgery in an outpatient hospital. Eleven million US women aged between 15-44 years trust on sterilization as a way of birth control to ward off pregnancy. More than 190 million pairs worldwide rely on surgical sterilization as a secure and reliable method of long lasting birth control.

Before 1960s, female sterilization in US was usually performed only for medical reasons or when a woman was considered "too aged" to bear children or at risk. The dynamic cultural climate in the 1960s led to safe, minimally invasive female sterilization methods.

Purpose of Tubal Sterilization

Tubal ligation is performed in women who want to prevent future pregnancies. It is often selected by women who do not want any more children, but who are not sexually inactive and virtually fertile, and want to get rid of limitations of other types of birth control. Women who are recommended to avoid pregnancy due to health reasons may also opt for this birth control method.

Types of Tubal Sterilization

Tubal ligation is a surgical process conducted for the sole purpose of permanent female sterilization. This procedure is 98 to 99 percent trustworthy in preventing pregnancy. There are several types of tubal sterilization which may include:

  • Abdominal Laprascopic Tubal Ligation

Laparoscopic tubal ligation is the most general process used when performing a tubal ligation. This procedure is performed by creating more than one incision in the abdominal location just to enable the medical instruments reach the fallopian tubes. The tubes are either sealed shut or closed with a plastic ring.

  • Tubal Ligation Following a Vaginal Birth

Female sterilization can also be done just after a normal delivery creating only one small incision near the naval or via a tiny cut inside the vagina.

  • Tubal Ligation Following a Cesarean Birth

Women who undergo cesarean section can choose to have a tubal ligation done before the doctor stitches the C-section incision.

Other Surgical Procedures

What is Bone Marrow Biopsy | What is Amniocentesis | What is Anesthesia Spinal | What is Appendectomy | What is Artificial Insemination | What is Bariatric Surgery | What is Biopsy Endometrial | What is Biopsy of Liver | What is Biopsy of Lungs | What is Cervical Biopsy | What is Cesarean Section | What is Circumcision Surgery | What is Cystoscopy | What is Dental Anesthesia | What is Dilatation and Curettage | What is Epidural Anesthesia | What is Face Lift | What is Fractured Neck of Femur | What is General Anesthesia | What is Hernia | What is Hip Replacement | What is Hysterectomy | What is In Vitro Fertilization | What is Incisional Hernia | What is Lasik Eye Surgery | What is Liposuction | What is Local Anesthesia | What is Mitral Valve Regurgitation | What is Mitral Valve Repair | What is Oophorectomy | What is Rhytidectomy | What is Small Intestine Biopsy | What is Tonsillectomy | What is Tracheostomy | What is Tubal Sterilization | What is Ureteroscopy | What is Uterus Removal | What is Varicocele Surgery | What is Vasectomy