Oophorectomy is the removal of the ovaries which constitute woman's reproductive system. It stores and generates eggs for fertilization and releases female sex hormones.
The patient should check with the medical insurance company if the particular surgery is covered and if any testimony is required. In the evening prior to the operation, the patient should eat a light dinner and should not drink or eat anything including water or other liquids after midnight.
Prior to the surgery, the doctor will instruct for blood and urine tests and any other tests like ultrasound or x-rays to enable the doctor visualize the woman's physical condition. The woman may also visit the anesthesiologist to explain any special conditions that might influence the anesthesia.
Oophorectomy is conducted under general or local anesthesia. It is often conducted through the same kind of incision, either vertical or horizontal, as an abdominal hysterectomy. With horizontal incisions a slight scar is left but vertical incisions offer the surgeon a clearer view of the abdominal cavity. After the incision is created, the abdominal muscles are stretched apart, so that the surgeon can view the ovaries. Then the ovaries, and sometimes the fallopian tubes, are removed.
Oophorectomy can often be performed facilitating a laparoscopic procedure. During this type of surgery, a tube fixed with tiny lens and light source is placed through a small incision in the navel. A camera can be associated to enable the surgeon to view the abdominal cavity on a computer monitor. When the ovaries are identified they are taken off through a small incision at the top of the vagina. The ovaries can also be cut into smaller sections and removed. The procedure can be performed even though woman has several adhesions from the previous surgery.
A woman can expect to be in the hospital two to five days and will need three to six weeks to return to normal activities.
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