In 1974, Dr. Giorgio Fischer, an Italian gynecologist discovered the initial form of liposuction. French physicians Illouz and Fournier developed liposuction in the 1978. By 1980, liposuction became famous in the US but was combating negative publicity due to patients witnessing excessive bleeding and unwanted rippling of the skin after surgery. In 1985, Dr. Jeffrey A. Klein, a California Dermatologist, discovered the tumescent theory for liposuction, transforming liposuction surgery. His “Tumescent Technique” enabled people to have liposuction done entirely by local anesthesia facilitating smaller cannulas.
The primary purpose of liposuction is to redefine and shape up one or more portions of your body, not to cut down body weight. Liposuction is generally used on "problem" parts that have not reacted well to diet and exercise regimes. It could be outer thighs and hips, waists or back.
Liposuction is often performed with other cosmetic surgery procedures, like a "tummy tuck" (abdominoplasty), face lift and breast reduction.
Liposuction can also be performed to treat a few medical conditions, including:
1.Traditional Liposuction (Dry Method)
This type of lipoplasty is performed applying general anesthetic. This liposuction process was found to cause trauma to the tissues, excessive blood loss, nerve rapture and necrosis from the interference hence this type of liposuction has almost extinguished.
The development over "dry" lipoplasty was "wet" liposuction. Performed under common anesthesia, this type of liposculpture is conducted by the injection of a fluid carrying local anesthetic and other medications into the part of fatty tissue to reduce bleeding and swelling, and to remove fat.
It also uses general anesthesia and require a large syringe of solution compare to the "wet" method. Blood loss is less in this "wet" method.
The Tumescent lipoplasty method involves the shot of a large volume of a medical solution into the portion of adipose tissue being treated. This medical solution is fusion of drugs that numb the area, and enable squeeze the capillaries to stop blood loss. After the injection, a vacuum tube is placed and the fat is sucked.
In this type of ultrasonic lipoplasty a specific tube that transmits ultrasound energy is used. The ultrasonic energy damages the walls of the fat cells and converts them to fluid. The body fat is then drained out.
6.Superficial Syringe Liposuction
This lipoplasty method facilitates an injection to withdraw fat. It results in less blood loss and faster post-operative recovery.
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