Renal transplantation is a process of transferring a healthy kidney from a donor to the body of a person with a damaged kidney. The damage could be from type I diabetes, congenital conditions or infections and inflammation of kidneys. Healthy kidneys can be sourced from dead donors or healthy living donors. Among the dead donors only brain dead and cardiac death individuals are eligible for giving their organs. The procedure involves connecting the new kidney to the renal artery or vein of the donor to the external iliac artery or vein in the recipient. Most common complications associated with renal transplants are rejection, infection and sepsis. But a successful renal transplant improves the life expectancy and the quality of life of the patient.