What is Incisional Hernia

What is Incisional Hernia

If you are having an incompletely healed surgical wound, you are in a risk of developing Incisional hernia as it occurs in an area of weakness around this wound. Ventral hernias also happen when the median incisions in the abdomen becomes frequent. Incisional hernias are difficult to treat but definitely curable.

Purpose of Incisional Hernia

As Incisional hernias occur at the weakened areas near a surgical wound, the surgery is performed near to it. It has a purpose to correct the problem in the scarred muscle tissue around an abdominal incision. It is created as a result of tension of sutures in the wound. The pulling action by the sutures or any other abdominal pressures may prevent the wound from healing. The location of hernia is also very crucial. Depending upon it, the internal organs may put pressure on the abdominal wall. 10-15% people are affected with Incisional hernias.

Types of Incisional Hernias

If you can feel a lump in your belly or groin where you had surgery before, there is a chance for hernia. The lump may move when you press it. When you bend or cough, it may look to be painful too. There are different kinds of hernia which are as follows.

  • Incisional hernia

  • Inguinal hernia

  • Femoral hernia

  • Hiatal hernia

  • Umbilical hernia

An Incisional hernia occurs after surgery particularly in the belly. It is often large and painful. It happens along with an up and down incision. Old people and overweight people have bigger chances to have this.

When the tissue pushes through a weak spot in the groin muscle, an abnormality may happen that is called inguinal hernia. When the muscle wall at this place has some dysfunctions, the body part gets weakened and a bulge happens because of the situation. Surgery is the only solution for it as it won’t go away on its own.

Femoral hernias occur mostly in women. In this case the when tissue gets projected from the lower belly to the upper part of the thigh, below the groin crease. It is mostly hard to diagnose also.

Hiatal hernia is a different type of hernia where you may not see a bulge at all as in other cases. It occurs when part of your belly goes up through the diaphragm and into your chest. This may not be seen from outside. But you may be feeling issues with it. There may be gastro problems like GERD associated with this. If there are no symptoms, there is no need to treat it.

An umbilical hernia occurs in the weak spots of belly. The fat is pushed through this weakened spot which may create bulges in the belly. Surgery can be done to remove it.

Thus Incisional hernias are often treated using a surgical method and is curable. But diagnosing the same at the right time is very important.

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