What is In Vitro Fertilization

What is In Vitro Fertilization

In vitro fertilization is a process used for a successful pregnancy. In this method egg cells are fertilized by sperm not inside, but outside the body. As most of the other techniques fail in infertility treatment, IVF proves to be successful in almost all the cases. It controls the ovulatory process hormonally by removing eggs from the woman’s ovary. The sperm is allowed to fertilize them in a fluid medium which can produce results. Then it is transferred to uterus and ends up with a successful pregnancy.

History of In Vitro Fertilization

The history of in vitro fertilization traces back to 1978 when a test tube baby was born for the first time. Louise Browne was the first test tube baby developed by Dr. Robert Edward who was awarded Nobel prize in 2010. But the researches regarding this were started in the 1950s itself.

The term ‘in vitro’ was derived from a Latin word meaning ‘in glass’ as the process was done outside, mostly in glass tubes and beakers. The procedure inside is known as ‘in vivo’.

Purpose of In Vitro Fertilization

IVF is an assisted reproductive technique. This technique is used when the infertility is suspected, even after one year of sexual intercourse. There may be different reasons for the infertility. Hormonal imbalance, low sperm count, endometriosis in women, blocked fallopian tubes etc can cause infertility. Thus the main purpose of IVF is to overcome the infertility issue.

IVF can be considered as one of the most successful methods to increase the probability of pregnancy. The fallopian block, endometriosis and low sperm count can be overcome with IVF method. But IVF may not work well with a woman who is not capable of ovulating. If a person doesn’t have at least some healthy sperms, the possibility of IVF is again doubtful.

Types of In Vitro Fertilization

There are mainly two types of in vitro fertilization techniques.

In standard in vitro fertilization, ovary is stimulated and the eggs are collected. The fertilization is activated with semen. The embryo is then transferred back to the mother’s uterus.

In intracytoplasmic sperm injection (icsi) method, a single sperm is injected to egg directly with a micropipette using microscope. This is mainly done when male infertility occurs. This is the most modern technique available in fertilization.

Thus IVF can be opted when there is no other option to treat infertility. This acts as a boon to many couples who have no other option of having children. This is a safe as well as easy method too.

Other Surgical Procedures

What is Bone Marrow Biopsy | What is Amniocentesis | What is Anesthesia Spinal | What is Appendectomy | What is Artificial Insemination | What is Bariatric Surgery | What is Biopsy Endometrial | What is Biopsy of Liver | What is Biopsy of Lungs | What is Cervical Biopsy | What is Cesarean Section | What is Circumcision Surgery | What is Cystoscopy | What is Dental Anesthesia | What is Dilatation and Curettage | What is Epidural Anesthesia | What is Face Lift | What is Fractured Neck of Femur | What is General Anesthesia | What is Hernia | What is Hip Replacement | What is Hysterectomy | What is In Vitro Fertilization | What is Incisional Hernia | What is Lasik Eye Surgery | What is Liposuction | What is Local Anesthesia | What is Mitral Valve Regurgitation | What is Mitral Valve Repair | What is Oophorectomy | What is Rhytidectomy | What is Small Intestine Biopsy | What is Tonsillectomy | What is Tracheostomy | What is Tubal Sterilization | What is Ureteroscopy | What is Uterus Removal | What is Varicocele Surgery | What is Vasectomy