The word “circumcision” means “around” and derives its meaning from Latin. Circumcision is a process wherein the removal of the foreskin from the penis.
There are many theories that give an idea about genital mutilation. According to the old theory, circumcision started as a way of “purifying” the individual and decreasing sexual pleasure and sexuality. According to the old theory, human sexuality was considered to be impure or dirty in a few societies. In modern days, circumcision is being looked upon as a way to “purify” a person.
It was also known that the male foreskin is the main location of erogenous sensation. Hence, removing the foreskin would reduce erogenous sensation. Therefore, circumcision is considered to be sacrificing the “sinful” human deeds for holiness.
Since the ages, the Jews have accepted circumcision as a religious ritual and continue to practise this ritual even in today’s time. The Romans and the Greeks considered circumcision to be of high value and formulated laws to prevent from being misused.
People from different religions hold out different reasons for undergoing the process of circumcision. Broadly speaking, there is no particular reason for circumcision to be performed. If families are practicing Islam or Judaism, they may want to circumcise their son which is according to their religion. When it comes to other religions, they opt for circumcise purely with the purpose of paying medical attention to it.
Circumcision is done to protect from infection of the urinary tract and the foreskin to prevent phimosis, to prevent cancer and to reduce the risk of getting affected by sexually transmitted diseases. It has been known that boys who have not undergone circumcision below the age of five are twenty times more prone to get urinary tract infection than those boys who are circumcised. Other than this, it is also known that circumcised men are less prone to suffer from penile cancer, sexually transmitted diseases, and inflammation of the penis.
It is also about maintaining a good hygiene, which can prevent infection of the penis. Penile and phimosis cancer is rare; therefore it rarely affects men who are not circumcised.
Circumcision can be divided into two categories:-
Traditional method- This method is a common practice and is being practised worldwide. This method necessitates removing the complete foreskin. The foreskin was gripped with a special object or fingers and then pulled. With a sharp knife an incision was made through the skin between the head of the penis and the pincers. The bleeding portion was covered with herbs and then a clean cloth was wrapped around it to stop the bleeding. In the traditional method, no anesthetic is used. This is performed when a boy is 10-years-old. This method is being mostly practised in Africa and Asia.
The traditional method is not considered to be very safe as it involves many complications. There is a serious danger of causing bleeding and the recovery period is very long. The amount of blood loss also depends on the size of the penis and the age. The chances of glans penis to get injured are also more. This can be if the foreskin is cut too much or very little.
Clinical method- In this method, the rate of injury to glans penis is less. It also doesn’t involve much bleeding and reduces the rate of infection. The patient also doesn’t experience any pain as anaesthesia is given. The healing period is also short and this helps the patient to do his regular activities and move freely. The patient can attend to his routine work after undergoing the surgery.