Vitamin B12 is another form of B complex Vitamin group. It is also known as cobalmin. Vitamin B12 is a water soluble Vitamin. It plays an important role in sustaining the energy levels of the body. The coenzymes of Vitamin B12 are methylcobalamin and hydroxocobalamin. Vitamin B12 was found out in association with an autoimmune disease called pernicious anemia
Vitamin B12 helps to maintain a healthy nervous system by reducing depression and stress.
It also helps in the production of DNA.
The creation of the red blood cells is controlled by vitamin B12.
The coenzyme of vitamin B12 called hydroxocobalamin is effective in the treatment of cyanide poisoning.
The combination of Vitamin B12 with folic acid helps to defy heart diseases and thrombosis and also helps to decrease the occurrence of certain defects caused during the birth called neural birth defects.
Vitamin B12 together with vitamin B6 and folic acid helps in controlling the homocysteine levels as higher levels of homocysteine increases the risk of stroke, heart diseases and Alzheimer’s disease.
It is important for healthy skin, hair and nails and also helps in the regeneration of the skin.
Vitamin B12 also helps in protecting against prostrate cancer, breast cancer and lung cancer.
According to various studies, the Vitamin B12 supplement also helps people suffering from AIDS.
It also avoids nerve damage and maintain fertility.
The vitamin B12 also benefits conditions like irritable bowel syndrome, asthma and allergies.
The deficiency of vitamin B12 can cause macrocytic anemia where the red blood cells can be seen larger in size and also fewer in number than normal.
In future, lack of vitamin B12 can result in mental problems like dementia and depression.
The deficiency can also affect our nervous system resulting in damaging of the nerves.
Fatigue, depression and poor memory are also experienced due to the deficiency of vitamin B12.
The recommended daily allowance of vitamin B12 for an adult is between 2mg to 3mg per day.
No side effects were found at the intake of higher dose of vitamin B12 and the good part is that the excess amount will be stored for the future.