Vitamin B1 is also known as thiamine. It is a water soluble vitamin. Vitamin B1 was first named as aneurin. It forms one of the eight B vitamin group. Vitamin B1 converts blood sugar into energy.
Vitamin B1 or thiamine helps in improving circulation and formation of blood.
It helps in the metabolism of carbohydrates.
Vitamin B1 is used in the production of hydrochloric acid which helps in digestion.
The neurotransmitters like acetylcholine and gamma-aminobutyric acid, in short known as GABA are synthesized with the help of Vitamin B1.
It is also necessary in maintaining a healthy nervous system.
In the case of children Vitamin B1 is important for proper growth.
It is also called anti-stress vitamin because it helps the ability of the body to survive stressful conditions.
Vitamin B1 also helps to strengthen the immune system of the body.
Adenosine triphosphate, which is needed by every cell for energy are also produced with the help of Vitamin B1
The use of Vitamin B1 reduces the risk of getting cataracts.
It also prevents the body from getting Alzheimer’s disease.
The major deficiency of vitamin B1 leads to a disease called beriberi which affects the peripheral nervous system and cardiovascular system.
The minor deficiencies caused due to Vitamin B1 deficiency are irritability, extreme fatigue, constipation and an enlarged liver.
Vitamin B1 deficiency also causes a syndrome named Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome which is a brain disorder.
The dosage of Vitamin B1 for a male adult is 1.2mg per day and for female the dosage is 1mg per day.
Larger amounts of Vitamin B1 are found to be toxic.
The intake of any one of the B vitamins for a longer time can result in disproportion of other B vitamins.