What is Uterus Removal

It is a relatively simple operation and one out of every five women has to undergo this operation due to certain gynecological problems. Sometimes diagnosis of cancer of the cervix or uterus makes it necessary to undergo this operation. It is a life saving procedure in many cases. Women suffering from fibroids, heavy menstrual flow, pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis needs to undergo this operation.

What is Uterus Removal?

Removal of uterus or Hysterectomy in medical terminology is a surgical procedure where in uterus is removed from the female’s body in case of any problem. Removal of fallopian tube or one or both ovaries may or may not be combined in this operation. Salpingo-oopphorectomy is the technical term that is used to denote removal of a tube and ovary. Similarly, removal of both tubes and ovaries is known as bilateral salpingo-oophorectomies. It is known as BSO in short.

History of Uterus Removal

In 1507, the description of uterus removal was given for the first time by Berengarius of Bologna.

Professor Porro carried out the first planned uterus removal operation in 1876.

Removal of ovaries has become relatively a simple surgical procedure and is done in large numbers every day.

Purpose of Uterus Removal

Uterus is generally removed when a woman is suffering from one or many of the conditions such as heavy menstrual flow, endometriosis, and inflammation of pelvic walls, cancer of ovaries or cancer of the cervix.

In some cases, removal of uterus is entirely a elective procedure wherein it is carried out to relieve a woman from discomfort such as improving quality of life, heavy menstrual flow, pain accompanied with bleeding, etc.

Sometimes, it interferes with normal problems and therefore this operation becomes necessary.

It is a life saving procedure.

Types of Uterus Removal Procedures

  • Although in literal meaning, uterus removal means removal of uterus but it can be of different types depending on the removal of organs like cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, etc.
  • Total Hysterectomy or removal of uterus– This operation involves complete removal of the uterus and the cervix.
  • Radical Hysterectomy or removal of uterus– This surgery includes removal of cervix, upper vagina, uterus, and parametrium. In this situation, sometimes fallopian tubes, ovaries and lymph nodes are also removed.
  • Subtotal Hysterectomy or removal of uterus- Leaving the cervix in situ, the uterus is removed in this operation. 
  • It is a very common surgery and more and more women are opting for this procedure in order to get rid of their troubles.

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