Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the conditions affecting organs of the urinary tract and the kidneys. There are many procedures used to deal with these conditions if medication fails. Some of the common urology surgical procedures are listed below:
Lithotripsy: Common among urology surgical procedures, it is used to treat kidney stones; it uses shock waves to break the stones into smaller bits, so that they can pass out of the body by way of urine.
Cystoscopy: A cystoscope is a telescopic instrument to examine the inside of kidneys and urinary tract organs. This is more of a diagnostic tool and the procedure is known as Cystoscopy.
Hydroceles repair: Hydroceles are fluid filled sacs in front of the testes. This causes lot of pain and discomfort. Hydrocelectomy involves removing the accumulated fluid in these sacs, by making a slit in the scrotum. The sac is completely removed and the slit sutured.
Nephrectomy: Nephrectomy is the surgery done to remove a part or whole of the kidney which has been damaged beyond repair. It is performed either by laproscopy or general open surgery.
Prostatectomy: A major among urology surgical procedures, prostatectomy is done to remove a part or whole of the prostate gland in males is termed as Prostatectomy. It is done as the last resort for handling prostate cancer.
Ureteroscopy: Ureteroscopy involves introducing an Ureteroscope into the urinary tubes that connect the kidney to the urinary bladder. It is used as a diagnostic tool and to treat kidney stones or tumor as well.
Vasectomy: Vasectomy is classified as a minor surgery that is used to sterilize a male for birth control. The procedure involves blocking the sperm-transporting tubes called as vas deferens which results in stopping the flow of sperms into the seminal fluid.
Resection: Resection of the prostate is a surgical procedure to remove a part of an enlarged prostate. Prostate enlargements a condition where the organ becomes so enlarged that it obstructs the urinary tubes by narrowing the passage as it passes through the penis.
Bladder Reconstruction: Bladder reconstruction is one of the novel urology surgical procedures that involve reconstruction of a new bladder when the damaged original bladder has to be removed. This procedure has come as a boon to all such patients who had to earlier use an external device to empty urine from their system.
Anti-incontinence surgery: Urinary Incontinence (UI) is a condition where urine leaks out due to insufficient strength in the muscles of the pelvic floor. Here, artificial urinary sphincters and slings are introduced which aid regain the muscle strength required to regain voluntary control over the bladder.