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Tubectomy Advantages and Disadvantages

Tubectomy or tubal ligation (also termed as having one's "tubes tied" (ligation)) is a type of surgery for sterilization in which the fallopian tubes of a woman are blocked method which inhibits eggs from accessing the uterus for fertilization. Tubal ligation is acknowledged as a permanent way of birth control and sterilization.

Advantages of Laparoscopic Tubectomy Surgery

In Micro-laparoscopy small endoscopes of tiny diameter (5 to 7 mm) are involved using which suprapubic incisions is made. This surgery is the result of improved technology in light transmission and fiber optic bundles.

The advantages that are most common in tubectomy specifically Laparoscopic (the most popular type of tubectomy) includes:

  • Small incisions
  • Easy and fast access to the fallopian tubes
  • Recovery is speedy 

However the difference is so nominal that it could never get very popular despite being available for almost 20 years.

Disadvantages of Tubectomy

There are a few complications which are very common after tubectomy surgery. These disadvantages include:

  • Uterus may get puncture often
  • Laceration of the cervix
  • Fallopian tube also may get perforated
  • Perforation of major vessels
  • Cardiac arrhythmias because of CO2 

Side Effects of Tubectomy

It has rarely happened that any women have become pregnant after tubal ligation. According to estimation nearly 1 in 200 women have had pregnancy chance after their tubes are blocked. This may be the result of an incomplete closure of the tubes.

Side effects can also be divided into two parts – side effects due to anesthesia and side effects due to surgery.

Side-effects due to Anesthesia are rare and it may include:

  • Reactions to anesthetic drugs
  • Difficulty in breathing

Side Effects of Surgery are also very nominal, however these include -

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Harm caused to the bladder
  • Puncture (perforation) of the uterus
  • Laceration (tear) of the cervix
  • Hole in fallopian tube
  • Perforation of prominent vessels
  • Cardiac arrhythmias because of CO2
  • If pregnancy occurs after the surgery, it could be an ectopic pregnancy in which the pregnancy grows in the fallopian tubes.

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