Tubal Sterilization Process

Minimum Requirements

Tubal ligation should only be decided when the women is ready to opt for this process. If she is not sure about her decision, it’s better to think again. While it is often reversible, the procedure should be acknowledged as permanent and irreversible. Up to 10% of sterilized women repent on their decision of having the surgery, and about 1% wishes to seek treatment to restore fertility.

The basic requirement for tubal ligation encompasses patient education and counseling. Prior to the surgery, it is important that the woman realize the permanent effect of tubal ligation as well as the complications associated with anesthesia and surgery. Her medical history is checked and a physical scanning and laboratory testing are followed.

Preparations for Tubal Sterilization

Laparoscopic tubal ligation is generally performed in the capacity of an outpatient that means you can go home on the day of your laparoscopy. How to prepare for your surgery may include some arrangements.

Ensure to have a list of the medicines you take:

  • Prescribed by your doctor

  • Over-the-counter drugs

  • Dietary supplements, for instance vitamins pills or any herbal supplements.

Also, inform your healthcare professional, if you have any allergies from any drugs or processes. This is imperative for every visit with your physician.

You will be advised stay empty stomach for at least eight hours prior to the procedure. Additional dietary prohibitions may be confirmed by your doctor. Due to medication effects facilitated for a laparoscopic tubal ligation, you will need help to go home hence arrange for someone to drive you home.

Process of Tubal Sterilization

The surgery is performed on the patient's fallopian tubes. It is within the fallopian tube where fertilization takes place. During tubal ligation, the tubes are blocked or cut in order to close off the sperm's passage to the egg.

The most common surgical processes to tubal ligation are laparoscopy and mini-laparotomy. In a laparoscopic tubal ligation, a long, slender telescope type surgical device called a laparoscope is sent into the pelvis through a small cut of about 0.5 inches long close to the navel. Carbon dioxide gas is pumped in to enable the abdominal wall stretch and give the surgeon easier view to the tubes. A device may be fixed through the vagina to fix the uterus in place. In a mini-laparotomy, a 3 to 4 cm cut is created just above the pubic bone to perform the process.
The tubal ligation is basically in many ways:

  • Electrocoagulation: A heated needle fixed with an electrical device is facilitated to cauterize or burn the tubes.

  • Falope Ring:  In this method, an applicator is passed through an incision above the bladder and a plastic ring is clasped around a loop of the tube.

  • Hulka Clip: The surgeon fixes a plastic clip over the tube which is kept in place facilitating a steel spring.

Silicone Rubber Bands: A band is fixed over a tube forms a blockage to sperm.