There are certain prerequisites that may also be termed as minimum requirements of TURP which may include:
Selection of professional and experienced TURP surgeon to perform the procedure.
Purchase of a mild natural bulk-forming laxative.
Donning loose fitting clothing on the morning of surgery.
Arranging any friend or family to be available for assistance after surgery.
Scheduling a week off from work.
Getting enough sleep on the night before surgery.
To evaluate the prostate gland for BPH, the doctor generally performs a complete physical examination along with the following procedures:
Digital rectal examination (DRE) is recommended every year for men over the age of 50, the DRE is an examination conducted by the doctor who feels the prostate through the wall of the rectum. Stiff or lumpy parts may indicate the presence of cancer.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test is also prerequisite for men over the age of 50 once in a year. The PSA test measures the levels of prostate-specific antigen released by the prostate. It is common to notice small quantities of PSA in the blood.
If the outcomes of DRE and PSA examinations signal of a prominent prostate disorder, the examining physician generally refers the patient to an urologist, a doctor specializing in diseases of the urinary tract and male reproductive system. The urologist conducts some additional tests, encompassing blood and urine studies, to establish a diagnosis.
TURP is a kind of transurethral surgery in which external incision is not made. The surgeon reaches the prostate by inserting an instrument through the urethra.
The actual TURP procedure is not complicated. It is performed by administering general or local anesthesia. After an IV is inserted, the surgeon first tests the patient with a cystoscope, a device that allows him/her to view the bladder. The surgeon then inserts an instrument through the urethra using the penis cavity, and dissects the excess capsule substance that has been hindering the flow of urine. The volume of the normal prostate varies from that of the restricting capsule, enabling it easy for the surgeon to analyze exactly how much to remove. After removing the capsule substance, the surgeon inserts a catheter inside the bladder through the passage of the urethra for the withdrawal of urine.