Topiary is the horticultural method of training long lasting plants, by clipping the leaves and twigs of trees and shrubs to nurture and maintain already defined shapes, generally geometric or fanciful; and plants which have developed in the same way.
It is acknowledged as an art and is a type of living sculpture. The term is derived from the Latin word and specifies an ornamental landscape gardener, topiarius, creator of topia or "places", a Greek word that Romans used to creative indoor landscapes executed in fresco.
No one knows the origin of the first topiary garden. Pictures of topiaries were found on the walls of ancient Roman tombs. There is also enough evidence to manifest that the ancient Chinese people were aware of the developing topiary. After some time the Japanese borrowed these Chinese techniques and added their own impact. English Monks retained the art of topiary in Europe. The monks were accountable for the creation of herbal knot gardens. The Victorians also incorporated the art of topiary into their garden designs.
Topiaries shapes or designs could be cones, gumdrops, balls, and animals. Small and large hedges are also considered topiaries though they are seldom called that. Huge European gardens had complex low clipped hedges created in geometric designs called parterres. Knot gardens were identical in design but quite smaller and consisted mostly of herbs. Potted topiaries were popular and were placed in the doorways or used to line or surround courtyards. Trees trimmed into cloud shapes and replica of bonzai trees were Japanese style of topiary.
The architecture of topiary garden is quite aesthetic and mesmerizing. The topiaries showcase three types of architecture.