Top 10 Dog Breeds in America/USA

The dog is the first pet domesticated by human beings. For some owners a dog is just a pet, for some it is a security guard and for some others, it is a family member, much more than just a pet. Dogs understand human emotions very well and respond accordingly.

Breed type of Dogs

Breed type of dogs includes appearance, character, behavior, bone structure, nature and movement. Dog lovers in the United States of America have a wide range of dog types to choose from. More than 160 different types of dogs are seen in the USA. Around 57 of these breeds are originated in the American territories.

Top 10 Dog Breeds in the USA

According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), top 10 dog breeds in the USA for the year 2013 is as follows:

1.       Labrador Retriever:

The Labrador Retriever, also popular as Lab, is of gun dog category. It is even tempered, intelligent, gentle, and energetic. If properly trained, a Labrador Retriever can assist blind, physical handicapped people and accomplish screening and detection task for official agencies. Characteristics of a Labrador Retriever are as follows:

·         Lifespan: 10 to 12 years

·         Height: 56 to 57 cm (male), 54 to 60 cm (female)

·         Weight: 25 to 32 kg

·         Origin: Canada

·         Coat: Short, straight, smooth, dense, mostly come in solid black, yellow or chocolate color.

·         Physical appearance: Body is a little longer than tall. The dog is more heavy, thick, and blocky.


2.       German Shepherd:

The breed of German Shepherd dog, also known as Shepherd and written as GSD, has been developed for shepherding dogs. It is classified in most Breed Standards under Herding Group, Working Group, Pastoral Group, etc. German Shepherd dogs are strong, courageous, intelligent and can be trained easily. Because of these qualities, GSD is mostly assigned to accomplish tasks such as guide, personal protection, search-and-rescue, and acting. Characteristics of a German Shepherd are as follows:

·         Lifespan: 9 to 13 years

·         Height: 60 to 65 cm (male), 55 to 60 cm (female)

·         Weight: 30 to 40 kg

·         Origin: Germany

·         Coat:  Coat of a German Shepherd can be of three types i.e. double coat, plush coat and longhaired coat. The color of the coats is black with tan, sable or all black.

·         Physical appearance: Muscular, a little elongated body with a solid bone structure.


3.       Golden Retriever:

The Golden Retriever is of gun dog category. The dog is called retriever because of its skill to retrieve shot game safely. This well-behaved, lovable and intelligent dog can be easily trained. Golden Retrievers love to swim and regular mental and physical activities keep them calm and consistent. Otherwise, owners may face behavioral issues. Characteristics of Golden Retrievers are as follows:

·         Lifespan: 10 – 12 y

·         Height: 56 to 61 cm (Male), 51 to 56 cm (Female)

·         Weight: 29 to 34 kg (Male), 27 to 32 kg (Female)

·         Origin: England, Scotland and UK

·         Coat: Water resistant, dense and wavy, come in cream to a rich golden color.

·         Physical appearance: Muscular, Medium-large sized.


4.       Beagle:

The Beagle is a member of the hound group. This lovable, intelligent, brave, even-tempered dog has a great sense of smell. Because of its tracking instinct, Beagle is mostly employed as a detection dog. Barking sound of the Beagle is different. Its loud bay cry sounds like a short how. Characteristics of a Beagle are mentioned below:

·         Lifespan: 12 to 15 years

·         Height: 13 to 16 cm

·         Weight: 10 to 11 kg (male), 9 to 10 kg (female)

·         Origin:  Great Britain

·         Coat:  short haired, medium-length hard coat, come in white mixed with black and tan or brown and tan

·         Physical appearance: Sturdy, looks like a foxhound, smaller in size with short legs and long and soft ears.

5.       Bulldog:

The Bulldog, commonly called as the English Bulldog, has very good guarding capability. It is dependable and affectionate in spite of its intimidating appearance. The Bulldog needs a lot of human attention to be happy. It is energetic in young age and gets slow with growing age. It snores loudly and eats messily. Characteristics of a bulldog are described as below:

·         Lifespan: 8 to 12 years

·         Height: 31 to 40 cm (male), 31 to 40 cm (female)

·         Weight: 02 to 22 kg (male), 18 to 20 kg (female)

·         Origin: England and UK

·         Coat: Short, flat, straight and glossy comes in red brindle, solid white, solid red, fawn, pale yellow or dull red or white or a combination of all these colors.

·         Physical appearance: Medium-sized, wide, compact with short legs. Nose is broad with large nostrils


6.       Yorkshire Terrier:

The Yorkshire Terrier is a terrier type small dog breed also called as Yorkie. It was developed to catch rats in textile mills and also used for rat-baiting. This toy-sized dog is adventurous, brave, energetic and loyal. It needs a lot of human attention and shows strange behavior if not taken care of. The characteristics of a Yorkshire Terrier are mentioned below:

·         Lifespan: 12 to 15 years

·         Height:15 to 17 cm

·         Weight: 3 to 3.5 kg

·         Origin: England

·         Coat: Long, glossy, silky comes in steel blue and tan color

·         Physical appearance: With long shiny furs falling straight down on either side, this tiny dog looks like a toy. The head is little fat and hair on the head is abundant. Upright ears are V-shaped.


7.       Boxer:

The Boxer belongs to stocky breed. This medium-sized dog is happy, playful, curious, energetic and intelligent. Easy to be trained, a Boxer performs best in military and police tasks. Always up to play and work, Boxer makes a great guard dog. The characteristics of a Boxer are as follows: 

·         Lifespan: 11 to 14 years.

·         Height: 56 to 63 cm (Males), 53 to 61 cm (Females)

·         Weight: 27 to 32 kg (Males), 24 to 29 kg (Females)

·         Origin: Germany

·         Coat: Short-haired, glossy, silky, close-lying, come  in fawn, brindle, white, black mask, with or without white marks

·         Physical appearance: Strong and compact body, head and body are in proper proportion, black, large nose with open nostrils, ears are always straight and high.


8.       Poodle:

The Poodles come in different size and varieties such as the Standard Poodle, Miniature Poodle, Medium Poodle and Toy Poodle. These are of water dog type. They are sportive, expert in tracking, obedient, agile and graceful. Poodles can be trained easily.

·         Lifespan: 12 to 15 years

·         Height: 38 cm or more

·         Weight: 20 to 32 kg (Male), 20 to 27 kg (Female)

·         Origin: Germany (but standardized in France)

·         Coat: Either curly or corded, comes in a wide range of colors including black, blue, cream, apricot, silver, gray, red, white and brown.

·         Physical appearance: This medium or large-sized dog is square proportioned. Long and flat ears hang close to the head.


9.       Rottweiler:

The Rottweiler is a domestic dog breed and also called as Rottie. Initially this dog was used for shepherding and pulling carts laden with butchered meat and other products. This strong, courageous, powerful but calm dog can be easily trained. It performs best when used as a guide dog, police dog, search-and-rescue dog and guard dog. The characteristics of a Rottweiler are as follows:

·         Lifespan: 9 to 10 years

·         Height: 61 to 69 cm (males), 56 to 63 cm (females)

·         Weight: 43 to 59 kg (males), 38 to 52 kg (females)

·         Origin: Germany

·         Coat: Short-haired, thick and hard, comes in black and tan, black and mahogany.              

·         Physical appearance: Heavy, muscular, powerful, broad and rounded forehead, wide nose, triangular and carried forward ears.


10.   Dachshund:

The Dachshund belongs to hound family and are of three types the Shorthaired, the Wirehaired, and the Longhaired. Earlier, they were bred to hunt, scent, chase and flush out other animals. The Dachshund dogs are brave, curious, amusing and lively. They need owners who really love them. Characteristics of Dachshunds are mentioned below:

·         Lifespan: 12 to 15 years

·         Height: 20 to 27 cm

·         Weight: 5 kg (at the age of 1 year)

·         Origin: Germany

·         Coat: Uniform, glossy, come in black, red, brown, tan or fawn, cream and blue

·         Physical appearance: Short legged, elongated body, tail remains in line with its back.

Breeds mentioned in the above list are larger in size. According to AKC’s registration statistics, Americans prefer big dogs to cuddle with than smaller breeds. Playful and family friendly Labrador Retriever has been on the top position for 22 years consecutively. However, in 2007 and 2008 small size dogs were more popular in USA.