Syphilitic is a kind of disease of the aorta which is connected with the tertiary phase of syphilis infection. Syphilitic starts with irritation of the adventia which covers the vessels and these vessels deliver the aorta with blood which is called as vasa vasorum.
As a result of these vessels of the vasa vasorum which confirm hyperplastic thickening of their walls and therefore it confines blood flow and causes ischemia of the outer two-thirds of the aortic wall and finally the aortic wall becomes patchy.
Most importantly, if the disease continues to grow without treatment then it leads to an aortic aneurysm. Syphilitic is an impediment of unprocessed syphilis which gets in touch with the inflammation of the tissues covering the brain and spinal cord and therefore it is very dangerous. The sufferers of this disease can experience many changes in mental status and problems with nerve function.
There are many treatments available nowadays to treat well this disease. Most importantly, if the treatment of the infection of this disease is done in the initial stage then it can help prevent new nerve damage and may reduce symptoms.
Tetracycline or erythromycin penicillin and some antibiotics are usually given. However, doctors take much time to treat well all infected areas of this syphilitic because the duration of treatment can prevent transmission of the disease to other human as well as a complete cure can be expected. Doctors usually do an examination to understand about the disease whether the antibiotic therapy will work or not.
If somebody suffers with seizures, then anticonvulsants like phenytoin are used to control as the emergency treatment.
Syphilitic is a sexually transmitted disease. The main cause of syphilitic infections is through sexual contact with an infected person. However, in some of the cases it has been observed that syphilitic can be transmitted without sexual intercourse too.
Syphilitic disease has three main types -