Introduction to Swelling Feet
Swelling of the feet or any other part of the body, also known as “oedema” or “edema” is basically caused due to retention of fluid in those parts of the body. Edema usually occurs in the lower extremities of the body in the region of the ankles and the foot. Swelling of the feet is usually occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy, but is also a side-effect of obesity. It is a natural course during pregnancy, but if pregnancy does not exist, then it is most likely to be an indication that there is something not right in the body. Edema is therefore not a disease, but a symptom which needs to be investigated if persistent.
Causes for Edema
While there are innumerable causes for swelling of the feet, a few are listed below.
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Heart failure
- Malnutrition as a result of starvation
These are a few common causes. The feet may swell during hot weather. A healthy person may also develop swelling feet, but this is a self-correcting condition. The feet regain their original shape and size after a certain period of rest.
Natural Home Remedies for Swelling Feet
As mentioned above, even healthy people are known to develop swelling feet at some time or the other. Apart from the unsightly appearance of swollen feet, it is also quite a painful condition, which can vary from mild discomfort to extreme pain. Therefore, natural home remedies to treat swelling feet are very popular. Given below are a few of them:
- Mustard Oil: This is one of the most popular remedies for treatment of swelling feet. Mustard oil is warmed to a temperature tolerable to the body and gently massaged into the affected areas. Conversely, you can also make a solution from a couple of teaspoons of mustard seeds in water. This solution is then applied to the swelling feet.
- Apple Cider Vinegar: Another effective way to treat swelling feet is the application of apple cider vinegar. You can apply it directly to the affected areas. The vinegar removes the excess body fluid which has accumulated.
- Diet Control: A low-sodium diet will restrict the swelling of the feet. This is mostly interpreted as cutting down of salt consumption.
- Physical Exercise: Exercising regularly helps to diffuse the fluids that tend to accumulate in the cells and body cavities.
- Rest Your Legs: Lie in such a way that the legs and feet are at a higher elevation than the rest of the body. This gives some relief to the pain felt due to swelling feet.
Some Dos and Don’ts for Swelling Feet
- Don’t walk or keep pressure on your feet.
- Don’t wear footwear including socks or stockings.
- Do place the feet at an elevated position by placing them on a stool or cushion.
- Do soak your feet in cold water for about 15 minutes.
- Don’t consume salty or high-sodium food and beverages.
- Do take diuretics in consultation with a doctor.
- Do avoid binding the feet.
- Don’t consume alcohol or coffee, as these will cause dehydration of the body.
- Do practice healthy habits like daily exercise, a balanced diet and sufficient sleep.
The above mentioned remedies are basically meant to treat swelling feet as a symptom. This may be effective to provide temporary relief, but in case the problem persists, then these remedies continued indefinitely. The cause of the problem must be addressed, which should be investigated by a qualified medical practitioner.