Surrogate Motherhood

Surrogate Motherhood

A surrogate mother is a woman who is like a replacement for another woman. She is at times called an intended mother. She is also a woman who is not capable of going through a pregnancy or producing fertile eggs. This is a very good thing for a woman if she is not able to bear a child. A surrogate motherhood will help the other woman accomplish this. 

Surrogate Motherhood

Surrogate motherhood can be achieved in a number of ways. This is done by a special procedure known as Artificial Insemination in which the sperm of the husband is implanted in the surrogate. This procedure leads to a surrogate mother being the birth as well as the genetic mother. She would also be known as a gestational mother. Surrogate motherhood is also known traditional surrogacy.

Very often it also happens that a woman who is carrying the fertile eggs is unable to give birth, therefore the eggs are removed and matched with the husband’s sperm and then implanted inside the surrogate mother. This procedure performed is known as vitro fertilization. The method that is done is known as gestational surrogacy.

Types of Surrogacy

There are two types of arrangements made in surrogacy and it is categorized into two types, altruistic and commercial.  Commercial surrogacy can be explained when all the expenses along with the fees that are involved in the pregnancy is taken care of, while altruistic surrogacy the surrogate mother is paid the expenses that are involved or there is no payment made at all.

Earlier Records

According to the previous records, in the year 1976 the first surrogate arrangement was made. During 1976 and 1988, approximately 600 children were born to surrogate mothers in the US. It’s later that surrogate motherhood became more common.

During the year 1980s, the surrogate motherhood came to be as a national attention. A couple by the name of Elizabeth Stern and William Stern from New Jersey wanted Mary Beth Whitehead to be the surrogate mother. The couple paid her $10,000 and later Mary wanted to keep the child after she gave birth. She also didn’t take the payment given to her and fled away. Later in 1985 she was arrested and had to return the child.

Questions Regarding Surrogate Motherhood

There have been many questions with regard to surrogate motherhood. Many people want to know if surrogacy involves selling babies or making families. Well, researchers have gone a long way. They have found means and treatments for this. Artificial Insemination is one of the best examples in these modern times for surrogate motherhood. 

Many people think that surrogacy involves exploitation of a woman who is the surrogate mother. Does she have any right on the child or is surrogacy the same as baby selling? Should a third person be involved who can make profits? 

People have reached to various conclusions with regard to surrogate motherhood. All this depends on a couples understanding as well as the woman who is ready to be a surrogate mother.