The word ‘Surgery’ is actually derived from a Greek word meaning "hand work"). Surgery is an ancient medical practice of using operative manual techniques on a patient to discover the cause of a pathological condition or to help improve the functioning of the body. Nowadays, surgery is even used to improve appearance. The act of performing an operation is called a surgical procedure and it invariable involves cutting into the body of a human or animal. Surgical procedures are performed by surgeons. Today medical science has advanced so much that there are surgeries to correct almost every disability. Surgical procedures are so refined that they range from major ones like open heart surgery to minor ones like key-hole surgery and even laser treatment which does not even require cutting into the body. Common surgical procedures are those like cardiothoracic surgery, vascular surgery, plastic surgery, pediatric surgery, colorectal surgery, transplant surgery, surgical oncology, trauma surgery, endocrine surgery, breast surgery, skin surgery, etc. Check here complete list of Surgical Procedures.