In the day to day life, the skin of a person is unarguably the most exposed organ of all. Even though people do offer the skin some protection like clothes, lotions etc to keep it safe from the external elements one cannot be completely sure of the protection at all times. One of the external elements that cause much trouble is heat; in different forms. It can be the temperature outside or the temperature of a thing, holding hands over a bonfire or dropping boiling water etc on some part of the body. All these situations are examples of the skin being exposed to heat. The cause of this exposure results in skin burns.
• Different skin burns are caused due to different reasons and the lethality also differs. Some skin burns are miniscule and after an hour or so one does not even notice those anymore while others cover entire areas of the body. The miniscule ones are categorized as first degree buns. These burns are easy to treat and usually do not leave any marks behind.
• In the case of second degree burns the skin undergoes blistering due to the exposure and can cause quite a bit of pain if the blister is placed on top of a nerve. This degree of burns is not just superficial but can have an impact on the second layer of the skin as well. If the skin burn is really deep then one has to see a doctor as these burns can take up to a month to heal and will definitely leave some kind of mark behind.
• Third degree burns are a cause of worry. Though these burns are also treatable, the patient has to undergo a lot of pain both emotionally and physically. In fact from the third degree burns, the pain only increases in nature and the chance to survive diminishes. The skin is totally damaged and does require skin grafts. The skin is sometimes damaged to such an extent that one can notice total loss of hair in that area along with certain loss of keratin. Third degree burns do not cause much pain as the nerves in this case are totally burnt and thus unable to send pain signals to the brain. The surrounding area of a third degree burn is often full of first degree and second degree burns and these might cause a lot of discomfort to the patient.
• Fourth degree burns mean that the damage is deeper than the skin and has affected the muscle tissue. The damage to the muscle tissue might not be that big but it is enough to render that muscle or the whole muscle group useless. Fourth degree burns definitely need skin grafts and the other symptoms like loss of hair etc are similar to third degree burns.
• Fifth and sixth degree burns are always fatal. These are extremely grievous as both the skin and the muscles undergo huge amounts of trauma. The burns are so deep that in some cases they cause a lot of damage to some of the major arteries and veins in the body. In some cases doctors might even have to amputate a limb. In other cases both the muscles and the skin are totally destroyed and the burn goes so deep so as to expose the bone. Skin grafts can only do so much and one can be sure of visible scarring in case of fifth and sixth degree burns and that is if the burn victim survives the ordeal. Their chances of survival are slim and is best if they get proper medical attention as soon as possible.