Septoplasty, also commonly known as nose alteration surgery, is basically a surgical process to place deviated septum correctly. Deviated Septum means dislocation of the bone and cartilage which separates your two nostrils. Thus, in the process of septoplasty, your nasal septum is relocated. This could involve cutting and removing parts of your septum before relocating it in the correct position.
Before planning septoplasty, your surgeon understands your symptoms — such as breathing difficulties, serious sinusitis, frequent nose bleeding — and the physical construction of your nose.
Idyllically, the nasal septum is in centre of your face. However, the septum might get displaced to one side creating deviated septum. A deviated septum might create problems such as Breathing difficulty, Repeated sinus infections etc.
Septoplasty makes the nasal septum straight by relocation of the cartilage or trimming down bones or cartilage, or by structuring certain areas.
People who regularly inhale drugs over long time may need septoplasty. Inhaling drugs can damage the septum.
The majority of the septoplasty procedures are completed in 90 mins or less and generally involves the cutting out or removal of bone surplus or cartilage that’s reason of the obstruction. Under the supervision of a local or general anesthesia, the surgeon will start working through the nostrils to formulate a septoplasty incision on the septum’s coating so that the marked cartilage could be reached during the surgery.
Once the surplus bone and cartilage have been separated & removed through the septoplasty incision, septum is stabilized by using of stitches, small plastic tubes or splints.
When we talk about septoplasty incision, you should understand that there are different types of incisions. The Killian incision is generally used in curing septal deviation that could be found on the centre to the posterior third of the nasal cavity. But there could be some risk of membrane tearing with this procedure.
Transfixion or Hemitransfixion Incision:
A further septoplasty incision that is generally done at the septum’s caudual border. This incision permits access to the caudal septum that could be deviated and to any posterior deflections as well. It is one of the most common septoplasty incision procedures as it reduces tip support to its minimum and permits easy admission to the caudal septum.
This septoplasty incision turns up with two dissecting faces – One is dull and flat and another one is like shape of sharpened spade. The sharper end is primarily used in the beginning of the dissection, while the dull and flat end works at efficiently uplifting the covering of the nose in a manner that is a traumatic.