Retinopathy is a non-inflammatory damage caused to the retina due to optic occurrence of systemic disease. It is a condition in which the blood vessels that supply oxygen to the retina get damaged. Then the blood vessels start leaking and sometimes the patient may experience abnormal growth of blood vessels.
Normally retinopathy does not show any early symptoms. The following are the symptoms of retinopathy observed in the later stage of the disease:
Retinopathy occurs due to several reasons. The following are some of the causes of retinopathy:
The level of retinal damage is different in different stages. At first stage retinopathy does not show any sign but gradually it affects the vision. The following is the list of types of retinopathy:
Prevention is the first step of treatment of retinopathy. Once the damage is caused to the retina means it will be there permanently. So it is better to prevent the occurrence of the damage. Especially, people with diseases like hypertension or diabetes should be careful about this. To avoid retinopathy due to prematurity, regular parent care is essential.
The treatment of retinopathy includes medications, regular checking of eye sight, retinal damage, blood pressure and blood sugar, and change in lifestyle and diet.
Once retinopathy has occurred, then it can be treated through eye surgery. It may be needed to cure it through laser surgery. Vitrectomy is an advanced option for treatment of retinopathy.
Cryosurgery is one more surgical option that minimizes the size of the abnormal blood vessels.