Eye Deceases

(H35.0-H35.2) Retinopathy

Information on Retinopathy

Retinopathy is a non-inflammatory damage caused to the retina due to optic occurrence of systemic disease. It is a condition in which the blood vessels that supply oxygen to the retina get damaged. Then the blood vessels start leaking and sometimes the patient may experience abnormal growth of blood vessels.

ICD-10 H35.-H35.2
ICD-9 362.0-362.2

Symptoms of Retinopathy

Normally retinopathy does not show any early symptoms. The following are the symptoms of retinopathy observed in the later stage of the disease:

  • Change in sight
  • Reduction in vision (at times its sudden and often it is gradual)
  • Flashes
  • Floaters in the eyes
  • Dark spots in front portion of the eyes
  • Photopsias
  • Dark region in the field of sight
  • Bleeding in retina
  • Dual vision
  • Blurred sight
  • marginal vision loss
  • Loss of vision in nighttime

Causes of Retinopathy

Retinopathy occurs due to several reasons. The following are some of the causes of retinopathy:

  • Diabetes
  • Arterial hypertension
  • Prematurity of the newborn
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Ciliopathy
  • Exposure to sunlight
  • Closure of a passageway between Retinal vein or artery occlusion
  • Pheochromocytoma

Types of Retinopathy

The level of retinal damage is different in different stages. At first stage retinopathy does not show any sign but gradually it affects the vision. The following is the list of types of retinopathy:

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Hypertensive retinopathy
  • Arteriosclerotic retinopathy
  • Retinopathy of prematurity

Treatment of Retinopathy

Prevention is the first step of treatment of retinopathy. Once the damage is caused to the retina means it will be there permanently. So it is better to prevent the occurrence of the damage. Especially, people with diseases like hypertension or diabetes should be careful about this. To avoid retinopathy due to prematurity, regular parent care is essential.

The treatment of retinopathy includes medications, regular checking of eye sight, retinal damage, blood pressure and blood sugar, and change in lifestyle and diet.

Once retinopathy has occurred, then it can be treated through eye surgery. It may be needed to cure it through laser surgery. Vitrectomy is an advanced option for treatment of retinopathy. 
Cryosurgery is one more surgical option that minimizes the size of the abnormal blood vessels.