Retinopathy of Prematurity

Eye Deceases

H35.1) Retinopathy of Prematurity

Information on Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of Prematurity normally occurs in premature, underweight babies who are exposed to an environment with high concentration of oxygen.

The sensory retina is replaced with fibrous tissue and blood vessels when a child suffers from Retinotherapy of Prematurity. The growth of the eye is stopped and that leads to microophthalmia and ultimately to blindness.

ICD-10 H35.1
ICD-9 362.20
OMIM 133780
DiseasesDB 11442
eMedicine oph/413 ped/1998
MeSH D012178

Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has listed Retinotherapy of Prematurity as a rare disease.

Symptoms of Retinopathy of Prematurity

The symptoms of Retinopathy of Prematurity can be listed as below:

  • Pulling away of retina from the choroid (retinal detachment)
  • Disturbances in vision
  • Loss of sight
  • Absence of papillary light reflexes
  • Occurrence of thick retrolental membrane inside the eye
  • Widened eye vessels
  • Perverted eye vessels
  • Damage in eye vessels
  • Hemorrhage in retina
  • Edema in retina

Causes of Retinopathy of Prematurity

A few underlying conditions may lead to Retinopathy of Prematurity as these are the causes of retinal detachment. The causes of the disease may be listed as:

  • Injury to the eye
  • Uveitis
  • Injury in head
  • surgery in the eye
  • Degenerative shortsightedness
  • Lattice deterioration
  • Tumor inside the eye
  • retinoschisis linked with X

Types of Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of Prematurity is associated with following medical conditions:

  • Condition of the eye
  • Extent of Retinopathy
  • Conditions of Retina
  • Condition of the eye and sight
  • Condition of the head
  • Condition of the infant’s health
  • Conditions related with pregnancy
  • Conditions related with the hospital and surgery

Treatment of Retinopathy of Prematurity

Cryotherapy, Laser surgery, Scleral buckling surgery and/or vitrectomy are the treatments recommended for the treatment of Retinopathy of Prematurity.