Retinopathy of Prematurity normally occurs in premature, underweight babies who are exposed to an environment with high concentration of oxygen.
The sensory retina is replaced with fibrous tissue and blood vessels when a child suffers from Retinotherapy of Prematurity. The growth of the eye is stopped and that leads to microophthalmia and ultimately to blindness.
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has listed Retinotherapy of Prematurity as a rare disease.
The symptoms of Retinopathy of Prematurity can be listed as below:
A few underlying conditions may lead to Retinopathy of Prematurity as these are the causes of retinal detachment. The causes of the disease may be listed as:
Retinopathy of Prematurity is associated with following medical conditions:
Cryotherapy, Laser surgery, Scleral buckling surgery and/or vitrectomy are the treatments recommended for the treatment of Retinopathy of Prematurity.